克罗地亚萨格勒布机场航站楼(Zagreb Airport) - Kincl + Neidhardt + Institut IGH

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项目概况:
建筑设计: Kincl, Neidhardt, Institut IGH
地点: 克罗地亚,萨格勒布(Zagreb, Croatia)
主持筑设计: Branko Kincl, Velimir Neidhardt, Jure Radić
建筑面积: 65860.0 m2
完工时间: 2017
照片版权: Josip kof, Studio HRG, Damir Fabijanić

项目简介:
来自建筑师的介绍。Franjo Tudman Zagreb 机场候机楼圆满落成。2008年,专为该项目进行了一次大型的国际竞赛,17个入围团队中大师云集,包括普利茨克建筑奖得主——建筑师坂茂(Shigeru Ban,第二名)、诺曼·福斯特(Norman Foster,第三名)和扎哈·哈迪德(Zaha Hadid,第五名)。最终,国际评审团授予了本克罗地亚设计团队一等奖。
 
这个综合体项目是 Zagreb (萨格勒布,克罗地亚首都)未来的城市开发区新机场区的一部分。新航站楼不仅拥有空间层面精心考虑的功能布局,还充满了规划意识的统筹,并颇具感染力地强调着南面的城市风景。
 
尽管建筑尺度巨大,从一层平面图的布局中可以看到本设计的建筑语言清晰简洁:超长的走廊配以多个停机位,还有中央建筑共同组成了本综合体。中央建筑容纳了所有其他功能。主体量近乎正方形(137.5×131.1米),跨越四层,内有登机柜台、招待设施,还有多项辅助功能和安全控制区。候机楼沿长轴分别布有商业铺面,候机室,和用来管理登机的8个活动连桥。
 
有机的形态与由强大算法生成的屋顶复杂曲线彰显出结构的表现力。起伏的轮廓有助于让建筑融于周围环境,向城市昭示着本结构正是处于克罗地亚的丘陵地带,正是以这样的开放姿态唤醒着萨格勒布多山地貌下的天际线。新航站楼的屋顶给人以轻盈柔软的纺织物印象,好似漂浮在室内之上。由金属表皮与大型玻璃膜组成的幕墙提供了独特的城市视野。彼此相连的贯穿整个航站楼的结构基础产生了特殊的视觉语言——这种结构基础是由26000根“长棍”组成的双曲面钢结构网架,由于曲面造型,长棍长度各异,并通过6100个球形节点才实现了连接。
 
出于实用考量创造出的屋顶结构网架也有着艺术品般的效果,白色的线性元素塑造出富有感染力的室内景观。当人们走进机场内部的时候,这些几何线条起到了主导空间的作用——成就了一种不可言喻的雕塑感。感染力的形式背后是惊人的材料消耗—— 2000吨结构钢,35000立方米混凝土和5000吨钢筋。新机场的设计是一次完美的整合:结构工程、建筑艺术、卓越的功能以及城市文脉......它会成为21世纪建筑克罗地亚建筑的里程碑。在这片“资质平平”的场地中,萨格勒布机场创造了一个强有力的区域中心,它将成为克罗地亚建筑与城市设计领域让人骄傲的大门。——Alen uni 表示。

From the architect. New on the architectural scene is the passenger terminal of Franjo Tudman Zagreb Airport, now impressively inaugurated in the finale to the big international competition of 2008 that attracted 17 entries, including three from Pritzker Prize winners – architect Shigeru Ban (2 nd prize), Norman Foster (3 rd prize) and Zaha Hadid (5 th prize). Ultimately, the international jury awarded the first prize to the Croatian design team.
   
This complex project is presented as part of the new Airport City zone intended to be a future development area of metropolitan Zagreb. Apart from its well-considered functional positioning in the space, the new terminal is dominant in a planning sense as well, impressively accentuating the picture of the city in its southern views.
   
In the layout of the ground plan, the terminal, in spite of its size, is simple and legible in its architecture, composed of an elongated tract of communications passages with aircraft stands and of a central building in which all the other functions are housed. The main volume of an almost square plan (137.5 x 131.1 m) that extends through four floors, is filled with check-in counters, hospitality establishments as well as many ancillary features and the security control zone. Within the longitudinal part of the terminal are the commercial functions and the waiting room islands, from which, via eight flexible bridges, embarkations are managed.
   
The structure’s expressiveness derives from its organic shaping in conjunction with the powerful algorithm of the complex curves of the roof. The undulating silhouette helps it to fit into the surrounding context, signalises the city in which the structure is located and openly evokes the skyline of the mountain surrounding Zagreb. The roof of the new terminal leaves the impression of a light and lacy fabric that seems to be floating over the interior. The combination of metal envelope and large format glazed membranes on the facades provides unique views onto the city. This kind of approach to visual idiom is achieved in an inseparable link with the structural base of the whole terminal – a double- curved spatial steel grid composed of 26,000 ‘sticks’ that, precisely because of the curved shape of the external envelope, are all of different lengths, linked together with the 6100 spherical nodes of the grid.
   
Out of a utilitarian segment of the building, the structural roof grid, the effect of a work of art is created, the white of the many linear elements creating an impressive interior landscape, their geometry resulting in a sculptural impression that occupies pride of place in the experience of the interior. Underlying this expressiveness of form are striking data about the material expended – 2000 tons of structural steel, 35,000 cubic metres of concrete and 5000 tons of rebar. The new aerodrome complex is a synthesis of structural engineering, architectural art and superb functionality as well as urban contextualising, becoming a new reference point in Croatian 21 st century architecture. Out of the featureless periphery of Zagreb it has created a potent centre that will turn into a prestigious architectural and urban design gate to Croatia. by Alen uni
 






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