意大利那不勒斯阿夫拉戈拉火车站(Napoli Afragola Station - Phase 1)- Zaha Hadid Architects

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项目概况:
建筑设计: 扎哈·哈迪德建筑师事务所(Zaha Hadid Architects
地点: 80026 Casoria, Metropolitan City of Naples, Italy
主持建筑师: Zaha Hadid & Patrik Schumacher
建筑面积: 30000.0 m2
完工时间: 2017
照片版权: Jacopo Splimbergo
 
项目简介:
随着那不勒斯阿夫拉戈拉火车站(Napoli Afragola Station)一期工程的竣工,通往意大利南部的一扇新大门又开启了,该车站己正式开放。
 
那不勒斯阿夫拉戈拉新火车站被设计为意大利南部的重要的交通枢纽站之一,它同时为四条高速城际线,三条区间线路和一条当地通勤线路提供服务。
 
已规划好的高速铁路包括一条将巴里(Bari)和雷焦卡拉布里亚(Reggio Calabria),与意大利,还有欧洲北部地区连接的路线。到了2022年,新的铁路基础设施将为那不勒斯阿夫拉戈拉创造出一个重要的交通枢纽,为整个坎帕尼亚地区服务,并将意大利南部的高铁网络与 Napoli Cancello 和环城通勤线路延伸下去。
 
那不勒斯阿夫拉戈拉火车站位于意大利南部铁路网的主要交汇处,连接着意大利南部的坎帕尼亚,普利亚,莫利塞,卡拉布里亚和西西里岛的1500万居民,以及北部和欧洲其他国家的铁路网。它还能够把来自欧洲和意大利北部的货物和乘客运送到南部港口城市焦亚陶罗,塔兰托,巴里,布林迪西,巴勒莫和奥古斯塔。
 
为了满足未来整个地区铁路旅行不断扩大的需求(过去十年增加了50%),那不勒斯阿夫拉戈拉火车站建在了那不勒斯大都市区东部的新南北铁路走廊内,完全的融入了地方和区域铁路服务网。
 
当所有线路都投入运行后,预计该车站每天将会接待32,700名乘客(每天早上和晚上高峰时段有4,800人),搭乘全部的84条运行线路。其中每天有28条通往各地的高铁线路在此上下客,并且每30分钟(高峰时段40分钟)为大约700名离开或到达的旅客提供一次快速服务。将来,该车站将会有多达每天200列的区域和地方火车在此停留,因此,这相当于为国家,地区和地方铁路网之间建立起了一个重要的交通枢纽站。
 
公共火车将于6月11日开通。最初,只接待不同方向的18条高铁线路,每天大约为10,000名乘客服务,随着新的基础设施继续建设,车站完成新的阶段规划时,可以增加到同时为28条高铁线路服务。
 
这座位于那不勒斯以北12公里处的阿夫拉戈拉火车站在其规划中也是为当地的阿切拉(Accerra),阿夫拉戈拉(Afragola),卡伊瓦诺(Caivano),卡索里亚(Casoria)和那不勒斯的 Casalnuovo 社区服务,人口从10,000到50,000人不等。阿夫拉戈拉将成为一个多式联交通枢纽站,可以缓解市中心的道路堵塞情况,但不会取代现有的那不勒斯中央站的位置。
 
在设计上,该车站就像是一座城市天桥一样,将铁路两侧的社区连接在了一起。车站以乘客的行走路线来定义各条通道,打造出了在那不勒斯阿夫拉戈拉火车站上下车的乘客行走的距离最短,同时还能够为乘客提供来自不同列车的服务。
 
这次设计还对八条铁路上面的公共人行道进行了扩建,把这条人行天桥变成了火车站的主要客运大楼,在这里,可以容纳所有到达和离开的旅客所需的各种服务设施,并可以从这里直接通往下面的所有站台。
 
旅客通道决定了里面空间的几何形状。车站两端的大型入口是迎接和指引旅客去往高层公共区域的入口,里面设有商店和其他设施。从车站两边进来的游客在中央中庭处交汇,上面还设有咖啡馆和餐馆。这个建在铁路轨道上方的中央大厅是一个非常必要的新的公共空间,旅客们可以在此去往下面的各个站台。
 
这个车站打造了一个钢筋混凝土基座,并在此基础上支撑起了一个钢结构的,并用可丽耐覆盖的一个带玻璃屋顶的高架体量。
 
车站内采用的混凝土结构是一种能够提供最佳性能的特殊组合,这种结构最初是在罗马的MAXXI马克西博物馆施工过程中开发出来的,是一种弧形结构的混凝土构件:用预制钢单元将木制模板替换掉,并用模板实现了双弧线形状,用研磨后的聚苯乙烯模型通过数控铣切割制成。
 
整个设计沿着450米的弧形线路呈不规则形状前行,高架大厅用到了200个不同形状的钢筋柱支撑,用可丽耐板包裹,玻璃屋顶。
 
车站的主大厅是为了让建筑体现出其可持续性发展的特性。屋顶集成了太阳能电池板,通过结合自然光和通风以及地源冷却/加热系统为整个建筑提供能源,让车站能够最大限度地降低能耗。
 

Client: Rete Ferroviaria Italiana S.P.A.
Project Director:Filippo Innocenti
Project Architects:Roberto Vangeli; Paola Cattarin (competition phase);
Design Team:Michele Salvi; Federico Bistolfi; Cesare Griffa; Paolo Zilli; Mario Mattia; Tobias Hegemann; Chiara Baccarini; Alessandra Bellia; Serena Pietrantonj; Roberto Cavallaro; Karim Muallem; Luciano Letteriello; Domenico Di Francesco; Marco Guardincerri; Davide Del Giudice.
Competition Team: Fernando Perez Vera; Ergian Alberg; Hon Kong Chee; Cesare Griffa; Karim Muallem; Steven Hatzellis Thomas Vietzke; Jens Borstelmann; Robert Neumayr; Elena Perez; Adriano De Gioannis; Simon Kim; Selim Mimita.
Structural engineering and Geotechnics:AKT – Hanif Kara, Paul Scott / INTERPROGETTI – Giampiero Martuscelli
Environmental engineering, M&E: MAX FORDHAM – Henry Luker, Neil Smith / STUDIO REALE – Francesco Reale, Vittorio Criscuolo Gaito
Building regulation, co-ordination local team: INTERPLAN 2 SRL – Alessandro Gubitosi
Costing:BUILDING CONSULTING – Pasquale Miele
Fire Safety: MACCHIAROLI & PARTNERS SRL – Roberto Macchiaroli
Landscape design: GROSS MAX – Eelco Hooftman
Transport Engineering: JMP - Max Matteis
Acoustic Design:PAUL GUILLERON ACUSTICS - Paul Guilleron
Construction Design: SAIR-GEIE: PROF. ING. F. SYLOS LABINI; ING D. SYLOS LABINI; ROCCA BACCI ASSOCIATI
Contractor:ATI ASTALDI S.p.A (Astaldi S.p. A; NBI S.p.A)
Site area: 190,000 m2
Retail/hospitality area:10,000 m2
 
From the architect. The first phase of Napoli Afragola Station – the new gateway to the south of Italy – has been inaugurated by prime minister Paolo Gentiloni.
 
The new rail station at Napoli Afragola is designed as one of southern Italy’s key interchange stations serving four high speed inter-city lines, three inter-regional lines and a local commuter line.
 
In addition to the planned high speed rail services connecting Bari and Reggio Calabria with the north of Italy and Europe, by 2022 new rail infrastructure will create an important hub at Napoli Afragola serving the entire Campania region by integrating the southern expansion of Italy’s high-speed rail network with the Napoli Cancello line and the Circumvesuviana commuter railway extension.
 
Located at this major intersection within southern Italy’s rail network, Napoli Afragola connects the 15 million residents of Campania, Puglia, Molise, Calabria and Sicily in southern Italy with the national rail network in the north and the rest of Europe. It also enables goods and passengers from Europe and northern Italy to access the southern ports of Gioia Tauro, Taranto, Bari, Brindisi, Palermo and Augusta.
 
To meet future demand for rail travel throughout the region (which has increased by 50% in the past decade) the Napoli Afragola station is within the new north/south rail corridor in the east of the greater Napoli metropolitan area that will be wholly integrated with local and regional rail services.
 
Once all lines are operational, 32,700 passengers are expected to use the station each day (4,800 each morning and evening rush-hour) with a total of 84 express trains using the lines. 28 high-speed trains serving each direction will stop at Napoli Afragola every day, providing an express service in each direction every 30 minutes (40 minutes outside peak times), with approximately 700 passengers planned to alight or board from each platform. A further 200 regional and local train services will stop at Napoli Afragola, creating a key interchange within the national, regional and local rail networks.
 
Public train services will begin on11 June. Initially with 18 high speed trains in each direction serving 10,000 passengers per day, services will increase to 28 trains in each direction as new infrastructure and further phases of the station come on line.
 
Located 12km north of Naples, Afragola station is also planned to serve its local communities of Acerra, Afragola, Caivano, Casalnuovo di Napoli, and Casoria that vary in population from 10,000 to 50,000 residents. Afragola will be an intermodal hub, relieving congestion in the city centre and will not replace the existing Napoli Centrale terminus.
 
Designed as an urbanised public bridge connecting the communities on either side of the railway, the station is defined by the circulation routes of passengers, minimising distances for those embarking and alighting at Napoli Afragola as well those passengers connecting to different train services.
 
The design enlarges the public walkway over the eight railway tracks to such a degree that this walkway becomes the station’s main passenger concourse – a bridge housing all the services and facilities for departing, arriving and connecting passengers, with direct access to all platforms below.
 
The paths of passengers have also determined the geometry of the spaces within. Large entrances at both ends of the station welcome and guide visitors up to the elevated public zones lined with shops and other amenities. Visitors from either side of the station meet in a central atrium above overlooked by cafes and restaurants. This central atrium above the railway tracks is a much-needed new public space for Afragola and the main concourse where rail passengers descend to the platforms.
 
The station has been constructed as a reinforced concrete base that supports an elevated concourse of steel ribs clad in Corian with a glazed roof.
 
The concrete used within the station is a specific composition that provides optimum performance, with curved structural concrete elements built using technologies initially developed during the construction of the MAXXI Museum in Rome: wooden formwork replaced by prefabricated steel units, and double-curves realised with formwork created from CNC milled polystyrene models.
 
Designed as an extrusion of a trapezoid along a 450m curved path, the elevated concourse is made of 200 differently shaped steel ribs that are clad in Corian with a glazed roof.
 
The main concourse of the station is oriented to benefit the building’s ecological sustainability. Integrated solar panels in the roof, combined with natural light and ventilation as well as ground source cooling/heating systems will enable the station to minimise energy consumption.
 





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