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项目概况:
建筑设计:Miró Rivera Architects
地点:Monterrey, Mexico
主持建筑师:Miró Rivera Architects
当地设计单位:Ibarra Aragón Arquitectura
建筑面积:465.0 m2
完工时间:2017
照片版权:Adrián Llaguno
 
项目简介:
Ithualli 内院式住宅是座落在墨西哥蒙特雷市的现代住宅。此建筑将作为全国彩票的奖品,所获资金用于筹集大学奖学金。设计竞赛由连续70年为蒙特雷科技大学学生提供奖学金的 Sorteos Tec 赞助。拔得头筹的德州Miró Rivera 建筑工作室与墨西哥当地的Ibarra Aragón Arquitectura 合作设计了这座充满现代语言的住宅。
 
Ithualli 住宅占地465平方米。Miró Rivera 工作室的设计方案着重体现了建筑密切的室内外关系、富裕的自然光、以及平常材料的全新形态。Ithualli 意思是内院或庭院,具体指被墙包围的室外空间,同时确保了充裕的阳光以及私密性。
 
Ithualli 住宅虽是 Sorteos Tec 第204届彩票的头奖,却只是第三座由国际建筑设计所主持设计的建筑。负责人 Juan Miró 说:
 
“墨西哥是由方形中庭组成的。从前哥伦布时代到20世纪,从古老的特奥蒂瓦坎到殖民的大庄园,再到建筑师路易斯·巴拉根 (Luis Barragan) 等建筑师的现代杰作,中庭一直是墨西哥建筑的标志。Ithualli 住宅将这个传统延续到了21世纪。”Juan Miró 在德克萨斯大学建筑学院的墨西哥建筑课程是一个长期以来与南部边境进行学术合作的例子。Ithualli 住宅居住空间的双层高的玻璃幕墙最大化了室内向庭院的景观。
 
中庭的围墙由下半部分粗犷的混凝土和上半部分精致的白色管状幕帘组成。室内的传统材料以创新的手法呈现:一层客厅通往二层卧室的楼梯是由弯曲的钢板和悬挂的细绳索组成。住宅的入口处将近3米的铜管固定的转轴门成为了室外冰冷的混凝土到室内温暖的木质品的过渡。
 
本地建材加上预制管状幕墙等前卫的设计理念的运用使得住宅施工仅花费了短短6个月。建筑师希望在创造传统的墨西哥建筑的同时用创新的手法运用当地的建造技术。
 
自8月份起,Ithualli 住宅已经有超过3万人参观。2017年12月22日发售的彩票也售出了将近27万张。



Principals:Juan Miró / Miguel Rivera / Alejandro Ibarra / Norma Rodríguez
Design Team:Michael Hsu / Caty Padilla / ángel Jiménez / Sergio Reza / Efrén Adán / Daniela Díaz / Esaú Munguía
Client:Sorteos Tec
 
Text description provided by the architects. Ithualli House is a modern residence in Monterrey, Mexico that was raffled off in a nationwide lottery to raise money for college scholarships. The annual contest is sponsored by Sorteos Tec, an organization that has provided scholarships to over half of all college students at the Tecnológico de Monterrey over the last 70 years. Designed by Texas-based Miró Rivera Architects in collaboration with local Mexican firm Ibarra Aragón Arquitectura, the design continues the evolution of the Sorteos Tec lottery into a showcase for contemporary architecture.

The architecture of the 465 m2 (5,000 sq ft) Ithualli House reflects Miró Rivera\'s interest in facilitating direct access to outdoor spaces, emphasizing natural light, and using ordinary materials in novel forms. The name Casa Ithualli (which translates to “Patio House” in the ancient Nahuatl language) refers to the home’s organization around a walled outdoor space that provides the interiors with shelter, privacy, and light.

The architects were invited by Sorteos Tec to design their latest “grand prize” home. Ithualli House is the 204th residence to be raffled off by Sorteos Tec, but only the third design to be commissioned from an internationally-recognized architecture firm (its two predecessors were designed by Alberto Campo Baeza and Tatiana Bilbao).

“Mexico is a country of squares and courtyards. From pre-Columbian times all the way to the 20th century, courtyards have been established as one of the hallmarks of Mexican architecture—from ancient Teotihuacan to colonial haciendas and convents to modern masterpieces by architects such as Luis Barragán. Ithualli House continues that rich tradition in the 21st century,” says principal Juan Miró, whose Studio Mexico at the University of Texas School of Architecture is a longstanding example of academic cooperation across the southern border.

A double-height glass curtainwall in the main living space maximizes views to an enclosed “patio”. The lower walls of the courtyard are solid concrete, contrasted above by delicate white pipe screens. Inside, the design incorporates innovative details such as a staircase formed out of bent steel plate and suspended by thin cables, which leads from the living room to the private bedrooms on the second level. Visitors to the house are greeted by a nine-foot-tall pivot door clad in copper tubes, which hint at the warm palette of stone and wood surfaces within.

The house was constructed in just six months—a feat made possible by the adoption of local construction materials and methods, combined with forward-thinking design elements such as the pre-fabricated tube screens. The architects’ goal was to embrace local building techniques in ways that were exciting and innovative, while creating inviting spaces that would resonate with fans of more traditional Mexican architecture.
 
Since August, the home has been toured by over 31,000 people, giving them the opportunity to experience its contemporary architecture firsthand. Nearly 270,000 tickets were sold for the lottery, which took place on December 22, 2017.
 

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