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项目概况:
建筑设计:Steven Holl Architects
地点:美国(601 W Broad St, Richmond, VA 23220, United States)
主持建筑师:Steven Holl
建筑面积:3809平方米(41000.0 ft2)
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Iwan Baan
 
项目简介:
该项目是位于弗吉尼亚州首府里士满,弗吉尼亚联邦大学校园边的当代艺术中心,将周围社区与大学相连。坐落于里士满最繁华的 Broad 和 Belvidere 大街十字路口,该建筑以一种迷人的开放感成为进入大学的大门。主入口在表演空间和广场的交叉路口,在“X-Y”的轴线上增加一个垂直的“Z"方向元素。一些交叉体量的扭动通过“当前的平面”与美术馆的“分叉时间”相连。
 
“分叉时间”的概念表明,在当代艺术的世界有许多平行的时代。持续时间的概念及其历史的“宏大叙事”受到质疑。新的当代艺术中心分为四个美术馆,分别扮演不同的角色。它们富有灵活性,可以举办四个独立的展览、一个连续的展览,或者任意组合。美术馆可以关闭布展,而不影响通行。访客可以通过一个超大电梯顺序通过四个美术馆到达顶部并盘旋下降,或从广场最低的美术馆开始上升。美术馆中暴露的混凝土梁和木板与混凝土楼板相辅相成。作为灵活空间,美术馆可以接受悬浮在地板上的艺术品或工程。
 
平面层的垂直交通连接美术馆、表演空间、雕塑园和广场。沿着这个建筑漫步,所有建筑元素的整合可以在变化的视野中得到体验。
 
41000平方英尺(约3809平方米)的建筑有两个表情:一面朝向城市,一面从雕塑园朝向广场,将城市与校园连接。一层,咖啡馆和地面层的美术馆直接通向雕塑园。中轴旋转门可以打开,使活动扩展到花园中。在青石板和砾石铺成的花园中,种植着银杏树。一个巨大的循环水池塘将这个花园塑造成“思考之地”。
 
这座建筑是一种有时间感的室内室外的体验。从西侧(大学校园)步行过来,这座建筑以不断变化的视角展开。如果你步行而来,广场逐渐进入你的视野,伴随着脚下砾石吱吱作响。如果你乘汽车从北、东或南到达,扭转的双重垂直几何体量提醒着你那里就是入口,并随着汽车的经过而改变形状。 到了晚上,磨砂玻璃的发光立面激活了室外空间。 视频投影还可能出现在这些磨砂玻璃墙上,用艺术动画与户外空间互动。
 
240个作为的灵活表演空间可以放映电影,举办戏剧、舞蹈和音乐表演。它连接了一层和二层,在那里,从美术馆远眺可以看到视觉和表演艺术之间意想不到的景观。
 
室外不光泽的半透明玻璃和氧化钛锌表皮有着共同的灰绿色调,给建筑一种变化的存在感,依靠灯光使整体的不透明变化成各种不同的半透明感。四个屋顶花园包括一个在二层的雕塑平台,有着特别订制的艺术家装置。这个LEED 金奖建筑用地热井加热和冷却,在冬季收获同样的能量,在夏季重新储存以冷却建筑物。
 
当代艺术中心将会是一个新的大门和催化剂,连接大学校园和里士满。它迷人的双面广场向宁静的雕塑花园敞开,它将为最重要的尖端当代艺术展览提供空间能量。由弗吉尼亚联邦大学一流的艺术学院推动,该建筑是展览、电影放映、公开讲座、演出、座谈会和社区活动的重要工具,吸引这大学、城市和更多可能。



Senior Partner in Charge:Chris McVoy
Project Architects:Dominik Sigg, Dimitra Tsachrelia
SHA Project Team:Steven Holl, Chris McVoy, Dominik Sigg, Dimitra Tsachrelia, Garrick Ambrose, Rychiee Espinosa, Scott Fredricks, Gary He, Martin Kropac, JongSeo Lee, Yasmin Vobis, Christina Yessios
 
Building Partners:BCWH Architects
Associate Architects (BCWH):Charles Piper (principal), Bo Fairlamb (associate), Jason Dufilho (project architect)
Construction:Gilbane, Inc.
Structural Engineering:Robert Silman Associates
Civil Engineer:Vanasse Hangen Brustlin
Mechanical Engineering (schematic design):Arup
Landscape Architect:Michael Boucher Landscape Architecture
Lighting Consultant:L’Observatoire International
Audio/Visual Consultant:Convergent Technologies Design Group, Inc.
Theater Technical Consultant:Theatre Projects Consultants
LEED Consultant:Sustainable Design Consulting
Mechanical Engineering:Ascent Engineering Group

Text description provided by the architects. Sited at the edge of the Virginia Commonwealth University campus in Richmond, Virginia, the new Institute for Contemporary Art links the University with the surrounding community. On the busiest intersection of Richmond at Broad and Belvidere Streets, the building forms a gateway to the University with an inviting sense of openness. The main entrance is formed by an intersection of the performance space and Forum, adding a vertical “Z” component to the “X-Y” movement of the intersection. The torsion of these intersecting bodies is joined by a “plane of the present” to the galleries in “forking time.”

The idea of “forking time” suggests that in the world of contemporary art there are many parallel times. The notion of one ongoing time and its “grand narrative” of history is questioned. The new Institute for Contemporary Art is organized in four galleries, each with a different character. Flexibility allows for four separate exhibitions, one continuous exhibition, or combinations. Galleries can be closed for installations without affecting the circulation to the others. One can begin the sequence through the four galleries by taking the oversized elevator to the top and circling down, or by beginning at the lower gallery of the Forum and moving up. Exposed concrete beams and planks in the galleries complement the concrete floors. As flexible spaces, the galleries can accept suspended art or projects anchored to the floor slab.

Vertical movement along the “plane of the present” links the galleries, the performance space, the sculpture garden and Forum. Along this architectural promenade, the integration of all the building elements can be experienced in changing views.

The 41,000-square-foot building has a double front: one side opens from the city, the other from the sculpture garden to the Forum, linking city and campus. On the ground level, the café opens directly onto the sculpture garden, as does the ground-level gallery. Pivot doors allow opening events to spill out into the garden. Paved in bluestone slabs and gravel, the garden is planted with gingko trees. A large reflecting pond of recycled water shapes the sense of this garden as a “Thinking Field.”

The building is an experience of movement in time around the exterior as well as the interior. Approaching on foot from the west (from the University), the building unfolds in the parallax of changing perspectives. As you walk, the crunch of gravel under your feet is complemented by a view that gradually opens to reveal the Forum. If you arrive by car from the north, east, or south, the double-vertical geometry in torsion marks a gateway presence, which changes shape as the car passes by. At night, glowing planes of obscure glass activate the exterior. Video projections may appear on these obscure glass walls, animating the outdoor space with art.
 
The 240-seat flexible performance space is fully equipped for film, theater, dance, and music performances. It connects the first floor with the second, where an overlook from the galleries provides an unexpected view between visual and performing arts.

The exterior matte translucent glass and pre-weathered titanium zinc skin share the same greenish-grey tonality, giving the building a shifting presence, from monolithic opaque to multifarious translucent, depending on the light. The four rooftop gardens include a sculpture terrace on the second level for site-specific artist installations. The LEED Gold building is heated and cooled with geothermal wells, harvesting the same amount of energy during the winter to heat the building as it restores in the summer to cool the building.

The Institute for Contemporary Art will be a new gateway and catalyst, linking the University and the city of Richmond. With its inviting double-fronted forum opening to a serene sculpture garden, it will provide spatial energy for the most important cutting-edge contemporary art exhibits. Propelled by VCU’s top-ranked School of the Arts, the ICA\'s architecture is an instrument for exhibitions, film screenings, public lectures, performances, symposia, and community events, engaging the University, the city, and beyond.
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