英国布里斯托克里夫顿大教堂修复更新(Clifton Cathedral )- Purcell

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项目概况:
建筑设计:Purcell
地点:英国(Bristol, United Kingdom)
主持建筑师:Jonah Jay – Cathedral Architect
建筑面积:2400.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Phil Boorman
 
项目简介:
英国领先的建筑、总体规划和遗产顾问公司珀塞尔(Purcell)已经完成了对罗马天主教堂(Roman Catholic Cathedral Church of SS)的修缮工作。位于波士顿克里夫顿(Clifton)的 Peter 和 Paul,为波士顿的最后的一个主要教堂建筑首次增加防水。Purcell 与客户天主教克里夫顿教区紧密合作,提高教堂内部环境的同时,尊重其粗野主义的建筑结构,以详细的设计方案配合丰富的标志性建筑。
 
Purcell 自2015年开始已经完成了310万英镑(约2766万人民币)的修复工作,其中140万英镑(约1249万人民币)来自第一次世界大战一百周年纪念教堂维修基金; 其中大部分使用在倾斜屋顶的修复,它需要86吨的替换铅,这是当时英国最大的铅屋顶工程。
 
大教堂在修复工程中仍在使用,每周举办8场集会,许多洗礼、婚礼、葬礼和特殊服务。Purcell 解决了建筑物迫切需要的物理维修,但也把注意力集中在内部条件,为建筑使用者和访客提供更高改善水平的舒适建筑。 该项目资金的一个条件是,它向公众开放了以前无法进入的部分建筑:包括通过标志性的洗礼池完全进入画廊;并重新打开之前被封锁的楼梯。
 
Purcell 布里斯托办公室的合伙人 Clifford Martin 表示:
‘我们的任务是提高建筑防水性,使其安全并可开放使用,但也不要失去它作为粗野主义晚期的杰出代表的严谨和品质。工程的目的是修复和保护建筑,并扩大和赞扬其最初的设计和细节。大教堂和与它同时期的很多建筑一样,是在不同时期建造的。我们在这些修复项目中,始终考虑当时其设计和建造的理念、目的是什么,以保持建筑的原则。
 
由 Purcell 进行的工作精心保留粗野主义建筑的高品质混凝土美学,在许多地方都有明显的木板痕迹,上面有俄罗斯红木木板的粗糙纹理。修缮的新设计和安装确保了大教堂的安全和开放,防止了建筑结构的进一步恶化,并为原始建筑的潜在问题提供了一个长期的解决方案,使建筑完全适合礼拜者和访客。

Quantity Surveyor:Synergy (Phases 1 & 2); Mildred, Howells and Co. (Phase 3)
Structural Engineer:Craddys
Services Engineer:Method Consulting
Lighting Design:Lighting Design & Technology
Contractor:William Anelay Limited (Phases 1 & 2); John Perkins Construction (Phase 3)
Client:Clifton Catholic Diocese

Text description provided by the architects. Purcell, the UK’s leading firm of architects, master planners, and heritage consultants, has completed repairs to the Roman Catholic Cathedral Church of SS. Peter and Paul in Clifton, Bristol, making Britain’s last major church building watertight for the first time. Purcell worked closely with the client, Clifton Diocese, to improve the internal environment while respecting the architecture of the brutalist structure, with detailed design proposals that harmonize with the richness of the iconic building.
 
 
 
Purcell has completed £3.1m of repairs since May 2015, part-funded by £1.4m of grants from the World War 1 Centenary Cathedral Repairs Fund; the biggest beneficiary is the pitched roof which required 86 tons of replacement lead – the largest lead roofing project in Britain at the time.
 
 
The Cathedral remained in use during the renovation process, hosting eight masses each week, numerous baptisms, weddings, funerals and special services. Purcell addressed the physical repairs that the building so desperately needed, but also focused attention on the internal conditions to provide better-improved levels of comfort to the building’s users and visitors. A condition of the project’s funding was that it opened up parts of the building to the public that has previously been inaccessible: this includes full access to the gallery over the iconic baptistery; and re-opening of a staircase that had previously been sealed off.
 
 
Clifford Martin, Partner at Purcell’s Bristol office, said:
‘Our conviction was for the building to become watertight, and safe and open for use, but also not to lose any of its rigor and quality as a superb exponent of the late brutalist era. The works have been undertaken with the intention to both repair and protect the building, and to magnify and celebrate its original design and detail. The Cathedral, in common with many buildings of its type and era, was built in difficult times. Our aim for the repairs projects was, at all times, to consider what the intent for its design and execution had been in order to remain true to the building’s principles.’
 
 
The work carried out by Purcell takes care to retain the brutalist building’s high-quality concrete aesthetic, which in many areas was distinctively board-marked with the coarse grain of Russian Redwood planks. The design and installation of new services keep the Cathedral safe and open, preventing further deterioration to the building fabric and offers a long-term solution to the underlying problems of the original construction, making the building fully fit for purpose for both worshipers and visitors.





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