墨西哥音乐宫(Palace for Mexican Music )- Alejandro Medina Arquitectura + Reyes Ríos + Larraín arquitectos + Muoz arquitectos + Quesnel arquitectos

编辑导读:在重大的历史建筑遗产旁边,肩负着历史城区的复兴和再生的重任,这座建筑起到了吸引与催化公共空间的作用。街道层设置了一个充满音乐韵律感的室外音乐庭院,既吸引人群,又有效退让而形成广场。(经典值评价:7.1)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:Alejandro Medina Arquitectura, Muoz arquitectos, Quesnel arquitectos, Reyes Ríos + Larraín arquitectos
地点:墨西哥(Calle 59 & Calle 58, Centro, 97000 Merida, Yuc., Mexico)
建筑面积:8840.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Onnis Luque, Cielito
 
项目简介:
墨西哥音乐宫的建筑设计可以被定义为一个合理存在于具有重大历史价值的物理环境中的现代建筑。不仅因为它所处的城市位置,而且主要是因为项目的性质是公共的,它的构思就是要使它所在的历史城区复兴和再生。
 
该建筑将成为国家资助的公共建筑项目的基准。它的设计概念不仅是公共空间的催化剂,同时增加周围建筑遗产的辨识度。为了达到这个目标,建筑不仅吸引了行人穿越公共空间,同时把人群带到临近的石墙和建于17世纪的圆顶寺。最后,屋顶作为一个绿色的平台,展示出周围的大教堂和三阶寺庙等宏伟建筑。
 
建筑有四层,根据三个主要使用目的划分出地上三层。地下为一层,1200平方米的展览空间分六个展厅,每个展厅都有一个特定的主题,讲述了墨西哥民族音乐从起源到今天的发展和演变。作为博物馆的补充,这一层包括一个商店、储藏区和杂物间。在街道层面,建筑基本上是一个开放的平面布局,行人可以通过。
 
除此之外,这一层还作为博物馆的入口,音乐厅和国家唱片及音乐图书馆(Fonoteca Nacional)。用户也可以通过数字方式访问。图书馆拥有650平方米的储藏空间以及多年的录像收集。
 
除了入口,街道层还有一个名为“Patio of Strings(弦乐天井)”的中心庭院,作为一个音乐表演空间,对公众和街道开放,可容纳400人。这个庭院允许独立的表演场地与主音乐厅同时运行,允许室内和室外表演空间的最大化。
 
主音乐厅可容纳450个座位,采用高性能声学可调嵌板,适合不同风格的音乐。它还拥有残疾人的所有设施,包括后台和专业录音棚。
 
最后,屋顶被设计成一个露台,带有花园,可以俯瞰大教堂、三级寺庙等周围的景观。无论从城市或是建筑的角度,都为项目周围的遗产创造了新的记忆。
 
室内和室外的空间质量,如构图,建筑和城市关系,是设计墨西哥音乐宫的必要前提。
 
这些主题项目旨在建立一个新的公共建筑的先例,振兴周边的城市空间,加强行人和城市的联系,提高人们对于城市中心位置和墨西哥音乐宫的感觉。

Constructor:Constructora PROSER S.A de C.V.
Structural Calculation:ESSSA Ingeniería Estructural, Ing. Mario Gomez Mejía, Danstek S.A.
Design Team:Mariana Ríos C., Natalia ávila O., Carlos Fleischer, Manolo Rejón, Jonathan álvarez
Museography:Exhibiscopio S.A. de C.V
Lighting Design:333 Luxes
Acoustic Consultants:Aleksandar Lalicki, Omar Saad

Text description provided by the architects. The architectural design for the palace for Mexican music can be defined as a modern building sensible to its physical context of great historical value. Due not only because its location within the city but mainly because the nature of its program is public, it was conceived with the potential to revitalize and regenerate the part of the historical downtown where it is located.

The building is set to become a benchmark for state-funded public architectural projects. Its design is conceptualized as a catalyst for public space while recognizing the surrounding architectural heritage context. To achieve this, the building serves as a patio, a hinge and a terrace, which not only draws pedestrians to cross through the public space of the building, articulating the formerly known ‘Congress Alleyway’ with the Hidalgo Plaza, as well as focusing the adjacent stone wall and the dome of the Third Order Temple built in 17th Century. Finally, the rooftop works as a green terrace that reveals the magnificence and scale of the surrounding heritage buildings such as the Cathedral and the Third Order Temple.

The building is comprised of 4 stories (1 underground and 3 above) divided accordingly for the three principal intended uses. The underground level has the interactive museum for Mexican Music, with 1200 sqm of exhibition space divided among six rooms, each with a particular theme, narrating the development and evolution of Mexican folk music from its origins to present day, highlighting its main genres. Complementing the museum, this level includes a shop, storage areas and utility rooms. At street level, the building is mostly an open plan layout where pedestrians can walk through. 
 
Additionally, this level features the entrance to the museum, the Concert Hall and the archive for the largest collection of recordings from the National Record and Music Library (Fonoteca Nacional) outside Mexico City, to which users will also have access digitally. The library has 650 sqm for storage and physical archive of original radio and video recordings collected throughout the years. Aside from the entrance, on street level also has a central courtyard named “Patio of Strings” intended as a music performance space, open to the public and to the street, with the capacity of 400 people. This courtyard allows separate performance venues to operate simultaneously with the main Concert Hall, allowing maximum performance space, indoors and outdoors. The main Concert Hall has the occupation capacity of 450 seats and features high-performance acoustic adjustable paneling to suit different styles of music. It also has all the facilities for people with disabilities, including the backstage and a professional recording studio.

Lastly, the rooftop is designed as a terrace with gardens to overlook all around sights like the Cathedral, the Third Order Temple, therefore creating a new memory of the heritage sites surrounding the project, from an urban perspective and from the fifth façade in a building standing in Downtown Merida.

The spatial quality of indoors and outdoors like the composition and the architectural and urban relationship are essential premises for the design of the Palace for Mexican Music.

Tending to these topics the project seeks to establish a new precedent for a public building to contribute to the revitalization of its surrounding urban space, facilitating the free circulation of pedestrians and improving city connectivity, therefore improving the sense of place of the people for the heart of the city and with the Music Palace of Mexican Music.





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