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编辑导读:这个科学馆是动态而多样的,建筑以开放的姿态将户内外联系起来,开放的中庭,充满探索的路径,精心设置的开窗,细微的材料表达,还有屋顶平台……(经典值评价:7.5)
项目概况:
建筑设计:Grimshaw Architects
地点:美国,迈阿密(1101 Biscayne Blvd, Miami, FL 33132, United States)
建筑面积:23225平方米(250000.0 ft2)
完工时间:2017
照片版权:Rafael Gamo, Chad Baumer
 
项目简介:
帕特里夏和菲利普·弗罗斯特科学博物馆拥有一个水族馆,天文馆和科学博物馆,25万平方英尺(约2.3万平方米),位于美国佛罗里达州迈阿密市中心的博物馆公园园区内。利用城市充足的阳光和附近的海风,博物馆别出心裁的建筑风格将迈阿密的文化延伸到了一个复杂的当代建筑中。
 
自从一年前帕特里夏和菲利普·弗罗斯特科学博物馆在迈阿密市中心开放以来,已经有超过100万的游客参观了他们的新家。迈阿密居民和游客,无论大人还是小孩,都蜂拥而至,来到这座多面的博物馆、天文馆、水族馆和各种各样的展览。
 
Grimshaw 事务所表示简短的设计形成了一个四栋建筑的综合体,以开放的姿态,邀请游客在其中漫步,并将建筑对外开放。这种将建筑与户外联系起来的有意识的努力将整个世界与内部的科学展览联系起来,并加强了博物馆与城市和附近海洋栖息地的联系。开放的中庭将建筑连接起来,创造了一个动态的环境,直接将社区与户外体验和周围城市联系起来。
 
每个独立建筑的形状是动态和多样的,造型可以过滤光和微风。整体由柔和的白色板统一,通过各种材料表达,创造独特的图案和阴影穿过建筑立面。 北翼和西翼的棒状建筑被包裹在一个多面,像素化的几何纹理中,允许阳光通过使建筑在白天充满活力。这个外形更有机的水族馆依偎在两翼之间,形状像一颗水滴从上面滴落,就像从地面接近的船头一样。标志性的天文馆,球形的形状占满场地,创造了一个耐人寻味的地标,与相邻建筑更刚性的体量形成对比。弗罗斯特科学博物馆的设计不是创造一个单一的建筑,而是希望让人感觉更像一个村庄,在那里游客可以自然地探索露天通道。阳台围绕一个中央庭院布置,允许游客在多个有利位置看到通往探险区域的多条路径。
 
水族馆位于场地的中心是大多数客人开始探索的地方。Grimshaw 事务所创造了一个独特的,垂直导向的体验,允许客人在不同的深度接触水生生态系统,从露天的屋顶“表面”层到更亲密的,沉浸式“水下”画廊。博物馆的这一部分主要是由50万加仑的墨西哥湾流水族馆控制的。水族馆独特的圆锥形状跨越三层,为海洋巡航的野生动物提供无硬角的环境。圆锥体的底部是一个巨大的,31英尺高(约9.4米)的圆形观景台,游客可以从下面看到一个戏剧性的景色,仿佛沉浸在蓝色的墨西哥湾流深处。其他观景台还可以看到同样的水族馆,包括精心设置的舷窗和露天甲板,还有一个鸟舍和其他突出佛罗里达生态系统的展品。
 
弗罗斯特科学博物馆的开放是2009年开始的一项活动的高潮,该活动通过扩大工作坊的服务,对当地居民进行调查,以了解他们渴望参观什么样的科学博物馆。该博物馆正在寻求 LEED 黄金级认证,采用了多种环境策略,包括屋顶太阳能农场、雨水蓄水池,以及建筑设计,最大化了海湾充足的阳光和微风,减少了空间所需的能量。
 
Grimshaw 合伙人 Vincent Chang 表示“为了回应社区中许多人的情感,我很荣幸能参与到这一旅程中来,将科学和对我们周围世界的真实思考带到充满活力、不断变化的迈阿密市中心区域。”



Associate Architect:Rodriguez and Quiroga
 
Landscape Architect:ArquitectonicaGEO
 
Engineer - Civil - throughout all phases:ADA Engineering
Engineer - MEP- up to end of DD:Arup
Engineer - MEP- CD to completion:Fraga Engineers
Engineer - Structure:CD to completion: DDA Engineers
Construction Manager:Skanska

Text description provided by the architects. The exciting 250,000 square foot Phillip and Patricia Frost Museum of Science (Frost Science) in Miami, FL brings together an aquarium, planetarium and science museum onto one campus in downtown Miami’s Museum Park. Taking advantage of the city’s plentiful sunshine, ocean breezes from nearby Biscayne Bay and views to a growing downtown skyline, the inventive architecture of the museum furthers Miami-Dade County’s cultural offerings in a sophisticated, contemporary building.
 
 
 
Over one million visitors have visited the new home of the Phillip and Patricia Frost Museum of Science in downtown Miami since opening over a year ago. Far surpassing attendance expectations, Miami residents and visitors, both adults and children alike, have flocked to the multi-faceted museum and its planetarium, aquarium and wide range of exhibitions.
 
 
Grimshaw’s response to the project brief resulted in a complex of four buildings situated in an open-armed stance, inviting visitors to walk amongst them and opening up the building to the outdoors. This conscious effort to link the building to the outdoors connects the world at large to the science exhibits within and reinforces the museum’s ties to both the city and nearby marine habitats. An open-air atrium threads between the buildings connecting them to one another and creating a dynamic environment that directly connects the community to the experience of the outdoors and the city around them.
 
 
The shapes of each individual building are dynamic and varied, sculpted to take advantage of filtered light and breezes. The ensemble is united by a soft white color palette expressed through a variety of materials that create unique patterns and shadows across the building facades. The bar-shaped buildings of the North and West Wings are clad in a faceted, pixelated geometrical texture that allows the passage of the sun to animate the buildings across daylight hours. The aquarium, more organic in shape, is nestled between the wings, appearing in shape as a water droplet from above and not unlike the prow of a ship when approached from the ground. The iconic planetarium, spherical in shape, completes the site, creating an intriguing landmark that contrasts the more rigid building massing of adjacent developments. ?Rather than creating a single building, the Frost Science Museum design aspires to feel more like a village where visitors naturally explore the open-air passageways. Balconies are arranged around a central courtyard allowing visitors multiple vantage points to see the multiple paths to areas of exploration.
 
 
The aquarium building lies at the heart of the site and is where most guests will begin their exploration. Grimshaw has created a unique, vertically-oriented experience that allows guests to encounter aquatic ecosystems at various depths from an open-air rooftop “surface” level to more intimate, immersive galleries “below the waterline.” This portion of the museum is dominated by the 500,000-gallon Gulf Stream Aquarium. The aquarium’s unique cone shape spans three floors to provide a cornerless environment for ocean-cruising wildlife. The bottom of the cone resolves in a massive, 31-foot circular viewing window that allows visitors a dramatic view up and into the aquarium from below, immersed in the blue depths of the Gulf Stream. Other viewing points offer glimpses to the same aquarium including carefully placed portholes and an open-air deck with an aviary and other exhibits highlighting Florida ecosystems. ?
 
 
The opening of Frost Science is the culmination of a process that began in 2009 with outreach workshops that polled local residents to find out what kind of science museum they aspired to visit. The Museum is pursuing LEED Gold certification utilizing a variety of environmental strategies including a rooftop solar farm, rain water cisterns, and a building design that maximizes the abundant sunshine and breezes from the bay reducing the amount of energy needed to condition the space.
 
 
Vincent Chang, Grimshaw Partner says “To echo the sentiments of many in the community, it has been a privilege to have been part of this journey, bringing science and true contemplation of the world around us into the heart of vibrant, ever-changing downtown Miami.”
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