日本神奈川 SMW 托儿所(SMW Nursery )- HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro

编辑导读:单层的木结构建筑,充裕的活动场地,起伏的人造小山,浅浅的嬉水池,室内外的充分开放。亲近大自然,激发幼儿的好奇心,培养独立性……(经典值评价:7)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:HIBINOSEKKEI, Youji no Shiro
地点:日本,神奈川(Kanagawa, Japan)
建筑面积:822.14 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Toshinari Soga (studio BAUHAUS)
 
项目简介:
培养独立性
项目位于日本神奈川 Zama 的一个低层住宅区。需要新建一所托儿所,满足至少110名等待入学的儿童。近年来,由于来自成年人的过度保护和过于严格的监管,孩子们很难创造性地玩耍。更糟糕的是,大多数的课外活动,孩子们被动地学习。因此,他们自发思考和行动的机会正在减少。考虑到这种情况,我们将这个托儿所规划为“培养独立性”的概念,在这里孩子们会思考并创造一个新的故事,并且做出很多挑战。
 
第一种方法是设置很多空白。单层木结构建筑,充分利用场地面积,到处都有一些不同于北侧的建筑布局和南侧花园的可以游戏的空间。通过这样的计划,制造出很多孩子看不到前方的空隙。但是这样的小空间会让他们有好奇心,发挥创造力。
 
第二是做很多上下动作。外面有几座小山,里面有一个攀爬网。这给了孩子们只在平面上不可能创造出的新的创造游戏的机会。通过这些元素,孩子们的体力会在玩耍中得到发展。
 
第三是督促孩子对外界有兴趣。主房间向外开放,门可以完全打开,屋顶向外变高变宽。所以风和光是自然进入的。把大自然带到室内会让孩子们对户外产生兴趣,并促使他们去户外玩耍。透过门和窗户,可以看到好几种树。在任何季节,孩子们都能在他们的日常生活中感受到大自然的变化,例如结出的果实和落叶。这会培养他们的好奇心和敏感性。
 
这样,内外环境都是变化的。孩子们有更多的机会去发现新的有趣的东西去玩。通过与他们的朋友分享,创造一个新的剧本,他们的独立性将在自然的游戏中被培养。

Lead Architects:HIBINOSEKKEI + Youji no Shiro
 
 
Other Participants:KIDS DESIGN LABO (in designing kids furniture)

 
Text description provided by the architects. Cultivate Independence

It is located at the part of a low-rise residential area in Zama, Kanagawa, Japan. It is required to build a new nursery so that no less than 110 children on waiting list to enter nurseries should be reduced. Recently, it’s difficult for children to play creatively because of excessive security from adults and too strict regulation. What is worse, most of after-schools, children learn passively. Thus, their opportunity to think and act spontaneously is decreasing. Considering this situation, we planned this nursery as the concept “Cultivate Independence”, where children will think and create a new play and challenge a lot.
 
 
 
The first approach is to put a lot of gaps. The single-story wooden building is put using full of site area and put some play gardens everywhere, which is different from the general layout that buildings are put on the north side and garden spaces on the south side. By this planning, many gaps are made, where children can’t see ahead. But such a small space will make them have curiosity and play creatively
 
 
The second is to make many up-and-down motions. Outside there are several small mountains, and inside there is a climbing net. These give children chances to create new playing, which can’t be created only in planar place. Through these elements, children’s physical strength will be developed just while in playing.
 
 
The third is to urge children to have interests in outside. Main rooms are open to outside with doors that can be fully open, whose roofs get taller and wider toward outside. So winds and light are come inside naturally. Taking nature inside will make children take interests in outside and urge them to play outside. Through the doors and windows, several kinds of trees are can be seen. In any season, children can feel the change of the nature in their daily life such as bearing fruit and falling leaves. It will cultivate their sense of wonder and sensitivity.
 
 
In these ways, both inside and outside the environment is changeable. Children get more chances to find something new and fun to play. By sharing it with their friends and creating a new play, their independence will be cultivated just while playing naturally.
 





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