德国汉堡地铁4号线易北河桥站(Elbbrücken Underground Station )- gmp

编辑导读:屋面采用了交叉式的钢框架结构,钢结构裸露于外侧,而在内侧则是光滑的玻璃面,屋面的两端以张扬的方式挑出,使整个建筑的整体显得轻盈,充满了流线感、速度感。(经典值评价:7.3)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:gmp
地点:德国,汉堡(Hamburg, Germany)
主持建筑师:Volkwin Marg, Jürgen Hillmer, Stephanie Joebsch
建筑面积:3750.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Marcus Bredt
 
项目简介:
新建的德国汉堡地铁4号线易北河桥站已于2018年12月6日举行了竣工典礼。车站建筑由gmp·冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所与施莱西·贝格曼工程师事务所(sbp)联合设计。易北河桥地铁站位于汉堡港口新城易北河桥之上,其引人注目的钢结构屋面构成了港口新城东侧的收尾。地铁站正式通车后市民可以在崭新的站台上领略港口新城蓬勃发展的全景视野。
 
易北河桥地铁站的独特性在于,地铁进站将从地下行驶上地面,与易北河桥位于同一高度平行停靠。车站位于易北河畔显要位置,周边在未来将形成高密度居住社区,车站建筑将成为社区的地标。车站构造延续了易北河铁桥历史风貌,波浪式连续钢桁拱结构和鱼腹梁共同决定了建筑独特的精神气质——以具有时代特色的结构语言对历史悠久但仍富于活力的桥梁结构予以重新诠释。
 
屋面十字交叉式的框架构造强调了秩序感和稳定性。钢结构裸露于外侧,玻璃构件悬挂于其内,支承结构得以浓墨重彩的呈现,在美学上致敬了其近旁的易北河铁桥。地铁站站台屋面两端延续了菱形钢结构,形成引人注目的挑空雨篷,赋予车站现代交通建筑轻盈的流线造型。
 
位于不同层面的进站层、站台和两座站台天桥通过楼梯、自动扶梯和直梯连接。顶层的钢结构栈桥未来将与通向城铁站的空中走廊相连接。易北河桥地铁站是建筑学和工程学的完美结合,呈现了视觉效果与功能空间的高度统一。三维几何造型由gmp·冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所和施莱西·贝格曼工程师事务所(sbp)在设计竞赛初期共同提出,经汉堡地铁股份集团选中并最终得以实现。

Competition Project Management:Stephanie Joebsch
Competition Design Team:Bernd Kottsieper, Achim Wangler, Katja Mezger
Detail Design Project Management :Stephanie Joebsch
Deputy Project Management, Detail Design:Bernd Kottsieper
Detail Design Team :Hendrik Winter, Renata Dipper, Bendix Fulda, Nicola Jeppel
Construction Management:Raimund Kinski, Christian Kleiner, Andreas Schulz, Torsten Hinz, Katja Poschmann
Structural Design:Schlaich Bergermann Partner (Sbp)
Lighting Design:Conceptlicht
Client:Hamburger Hochbahn AG
Construction Period :2016–2018
Roof Area Approx:5,985 m2
Length/Width/Height Of Roof Approx:136 M / 32 M / 16.25 M

Text description provided by the architects. On December 6, 2018, the new Elbbrücken Underground station of the U4 line was ceremonially opened. The station was designed by architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp) in cooperation with the structural engineers schlaich bergermann partner (sbp). Located at the Elbbrücken bridges at the end of the new HafenCity district, the Underground station with its conspicuous roof construction is a milestone in the development of HafenCity. From December 7, 2018, all visitors to HafenCity can, for the first time, arrive at the new stop and view the growing HafenCity vista from the platform at the Elbe River.
 
 
 
A special feature of the new Underground station is the fact that the railway track emerges from underground and continues above ground in parallel to the Elbbrücken bridges. Here, the architecture of the station will be a conspicuous focal point in the midst of the high-density urban center of the new district. In its highly exposed urban position on the River Elbe, in dialog with the Elbbrücken bridges, the design utilizes the technical possibilities available today to continue the theme of the imposing steel constructions of the past: the sweeping steel arches of the Freihafenelbbrücken and the “fish beams” of the Neue Elbbrücken.
 
 
The roof construction with its ellipsoidal arch profile is created from crossing arched steel frames. The twisted steel beams are arranged to form a diamond-shaped grid pattern in which the individual arches stabilize each other. The structural members are outside the envelope—the glazing being supported on the inside—thereby achieving a conspicuous presence in the cityscape, creating anesthetic response to the adjacent Elbbrücken bridges. At both ends of the structure, the roof—following the diamond pattern—comes forward to a point that gives the station its dynamic flair, befitting a modern infrastructure building.
 
 
The different levels of the ticket hall, the platforms, and the two bridges for crossing the tracks are accessed via staircases, escalators, and elevators. The top steel bridge provides access to the skywalk that will connect the Underground station with the S-Bahn station. In this project, architecture and structural engineering are closely interconnected; the synthesis of these two disciplinesis mandatory for the optimal development of such a project. The three-dimensional geometry was developed by gmp—Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners in cooperation with structural engineers schlaich bergermann partner already at the competition stage of the design, which was selected for construction by Hamburger Hochbahn AG.
 





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