南非 Sol Plaatje 大学学生资源中心(Sol Plaatje University Student Resource Center )- Designworkshop

编辑导读:建筑立面采用了单一的材料:混凝土,由此形成了雕塑般的形体,同时也为节能创造了条件。建筑的地块呈梯形状,平面上正好划分成了方形与三角形的组合,三角形的体块作为一个顶部透光、四层通高的学习庭院,产生了丰富的光影,减少了热辐射…(经典值评价:7.3)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:Designworkshop
地点:南非(Bishops Avenue, Kimberley Northern Cape, South Africa)
建筑面积:6364.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Roger Jardine 
 
项目简介:
2014年,南非民主时代的第一所大学Sol Plaatje大学(简称SPU)正式开始运作,与Kilometre Array Telescope(简称SKA)策略相同,Sol Plaatje大学初期招收135名学生,并计划在10年内扩招至7500名。Sol Plaatje大学坐落在Kimberley内城,内城采用了先进的城市设计框架将现有的居民、公共和教育存量与新建大学无缝衔接,并将高等教育发展作为内城生活的核心部分。
 
Designworkshop在两个阶段竞赛中都取得了成功。竞赛目的在于设计一个包含图书馆、教学、学习和社交的学生资源中心作为大学生活的主体建筑。建筑师探讨的关键问题是,让这种新兴的建筑类型在南非融入全球化中发挥积极作用。
 
与Kimberley标志性的Big Hole钻石矿洞相反,这栋建筑具有独特雕塑般的形体,像小山丘、brakdak房屋或者矿井一样从无尽水平地面上升起。建筑的结构体系和外部造型都采用了单一材料混凝土,混凝土材料既是灵活的建筑材料也是有效的室外温度阻隔器。学生资源文化中心在延续了南非传统的同时为建筑实践提供了宝贵经验。

以一个倾斜的公共讲台为中心,学生资源中心的首层是对Kimberley人行道、小路、广场和花园的延伸。这个公共空间可以使人们躲避干旱和周期性冷热不均的气候。

在南非这个资源稀缺的地方,建筑具有很高的节能效率,能够在允许适量自然光线进入的同时有效增加或减少阳光带入室内的热量。混凝土内部的冷热水管也能够进一步调节室内温度。在学校日常生活中,这座建筑是一个庇护所,是24小时服务的冬季休息室和夏季乘凉阳台。

坚固的模块草泥是南非传统的brakdak室内结构。图书馆将这一传统方式改良为厚度22cm,高度达36m的独立混凝土外壳。这个中空外壳从地面升起到建筑最高点,俯视整个校园。

远古时代传授知识的场景通常是人们在一个公共空间里,与长者、思想领袖和大师聚集在一起。根据时间地点的不同,这个公共空间可能是河边、树下、公共广场或者是街边。这就是在社交场合中学习和传授知识。在社会生活和类似情况下,学习是在对现实生活体验与感知中,通常是通过对传统文化的实践中获得。

当知识以文字的形式被记录下来,获取知识的场景变成了在堆满书的桌子上安静地学习。这种获得知识的方式通常是来自直接经验之外的记录,在特定文化环境中以单向和线性的方式让学生汲取而来。这也是科学的“中立性”所在。

SPU图书馆和学生资源中心将这两种方式整合起来。学生资源中心是一个社交场所,在日常生活中人们可以广泛地进行计划中或偶然发生的交流。交流可以在现实空间里也可以通过网络,可以有书本也可以没有书本,可以在集体中也可以独自一人,可以有导师也可以只在学生群体中。这与远古时候在树下、河边、广场和街道上是类似的。从公共空间到私密空间,每一层都有与周边环境相对的“公共空间”,让学生能够全方位的探索学习。

对城市而言,学生资源中心是民主学习、社会和文化交流的里程碑,同时它也是知识思想创造经济发展潜力的摇篮。

 
 
Contractor:Murray & Dickson
Engineer Structural:Aurecon
Engineer Mechanical:Element
Engineer Electrical:Aurecon
Engineer Wet Services:Aurecon
Fire Consultant:Aurecon
Quantity Surveyor:KDM
Environmental:PJ Carew Consuting
Acoustic Consultant:LinSpace
Landscape Architect:Insite Group
Concept Initiation:Andrew Makin, Paul Wygers
Concept Design Development:Mark Horner, Janine Beauchamp, Andrew Makin
Detail Design Development & Construction Delivery:Mark Horner, Janine Beauchamp, Pauline Hayward, Michael Flanagan, Ursula Brunner, Mariska Peel, Mongezi Ncube, Susan Glossop
 
Text description provided by the architects. In 2014, Sol Plaatje University [SPU] opened its doors as the first new University in South Africa’s democratic era. Strategically close to the Square Kilometre Array Telescope [SKA], its initial intake of 135 students is expected to grow to 7 500 within its first 10 years.
 
 
 
Located in Kimberley’s Inner City, a progressive Urban Design Framework seamlessly incorporates existing civic, public and education stock with new purpose-built University buildings, positioning tertiary education as an integrated part of Inner City life. Perhaps it’s heart.
 
 
Designworkshop was successful in a two-stage architectural competition towards conceptualising and delivering a Student Resource Centre as the functional and physical centrepiece of University life, including library, teaching, study, and social space.
 
 
The key question we explored was what this emerging typology could optimally be and enable in the South African reality of a globally integrated world.
 
 
Ancient images of knowledge-sharing are of people gathered around elders, thought- leaders and gurus, in Public Space. Depending on where and when, this could be by the side of a river, under a tree, in a public square or on a street-side. This is learning and knowledge generation in a social setting. Within society and indistinguishable from it, learning is enabled by the practical and perceived reality of life as it’s experienced, often on a platform of traditional cultural practice.
 
 
When information was recorded in writing, the emblematic image of learning is often the quiet study table surrounded by books. This is the dissemination of accumulated knowledge, most commonly recorded outside of the direct experience and as a more linear and one-directional transmission abstract from specific cultural settings. The ‘neutrality’ of science.
 
 
The SPU Library and Resource Center integrates both, at the same time. It’s a social place where people make themselves available to wide-ranging incidental and planned interchange in the course of daily life, both in physical space and online, with and without books, collectively and in solitude, directed and enabled by mentors or among themselves.
 
 
It is at the same time a tree, the side of a river, a public square, and a street.
 
 
Centred on a raked public forum, the ground floor is an extension of Kimberley’s pavements, paths, squares and gardens. It’s a public space sheltered from the cyclical hot and cold extremes of the arid climate.
 
 
Ascending from public to private, each additional floor is another ‘public square’ accessed from its perimeter to enable 3-dimensional exploration of a continuous knowledge-scape.
 
 
Solid grass-reinforced moulded mud forms typify South Africa’s interior vernacular brakdak construction. The Library scales this heritage up into a 22cm thick freestanding concrete shell rising up to 36m high and lifted off the ground to reveal a single hollowed-out volume ascending upward to its highest point overlooking University Square.
 
 
The inverse of Kimberley’s iconic Big Hole diamond mine, the building is a distinctive sculptured object, arising from the endless horizontality like a koppie, brakdak house, or mine shaft. In a single material, concrete is structure, enclosure, climatic attenuator, flexible use-enabler, extended tradition, and noble experience.
 
 
In everyday university life, the building is a refuge, a 24 hour winter lounge and summer verandah.
 
 
In a world of scarce resources, it is highly energy efficient, allowing in the right amount of natural light with significantly mitigated heat-gain or loss, the internal temperature further moderated by hot and cold water pipes embedded into concrete floors.
 
 
In the City, it’s a landmark of democratic learning, social and cultural exchange, and a generator of economic potential which always comes from empowered knowledge and ideas.?
 





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