俄罗斯莫斯科“欧洲最高楼”联邦大厦( Federation Tower )- Tchoban Voss Architekten + SPEECH

编辑导读:作为欧洲最高的摩天大楼,建筑由一大一小的双塔组成,弧线的立面,远远地望去,像玻璃的“风帆”,而独特的玻璃表皮系统又让热工性能接近于砖墙…(经典值评价:7.4)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:SPEECH, Tchoban Voss Architekten
地点:俄罗斯,莫斯科(Presnenskaya Naberezhnaya, 6, стр. 2, Moskva, Russia)
建筑面积:442915.0 m2
完工时间:2017
照片版权:Dmitry Chistoprudov
 
项目简介:
联邦大厦位于莫斯科国际商业中心13号地段,由两座摩天大楼组成,西塔63层,东塔97层。两座塔都位于同一个多功能裙房上。联邦大厦是莫斯科最著名的高层地标,它有一个令人印象深刻的剪影——两个玻璃帆面对面。
 
联邦大厦综合体高374米(2017年,高层建筑和城市生活环境理事会——CTBUH——认定它为欧洲最高的摩天大楼)。该设计基于垂直城市的概念,这是现代俄罗斯历史上第一次实现。每座塔楼都有办公室和住宅楼层的组合,点缀着体育和娱乐功能。六层的裙房同样有办公室和购物廊。双塔上层有更多的公共设施:餐厅、观景台和多功能的活动公共空间。
 
联邦大厦的基础是一个巨大的混凝土板。两座建筑的稳定性依赖于强大的混凝土核心,其底部是1.4米厚的墙体以及从地基一直延伸到顶层的25根周边柱子。每根柱子有一个2×1.4米的底座。每25-30层有高强度钢结构的外支架层。立面采用了最新的玻璃系统:玻璃表面反射太阳光,同时保持建筑的最佳温度。在密度方面,玻璃的热工性能接近墙。联邦大厦在是世界首个使用这种技术的摩天大楼。
 

Lead Architects:Peter P. Schweger, Sergei Tchoban
Interiors:SPEECH

Project documentation:Tchoban Voss Architekten, SPEECH
Structural engineering:Thornton Tomasetti
Construction management:Turner Construction Company
General contractor:Renaissance Construction
Owner/Developer:ZAO Bashnya Federatsiya

Text description provided by the architects. Federation Tower is a complex consisting of two skyscrapers – the 63-storey Tower West and the 97-storey Tower East – on lot 13 of the Moscow International Business Centre in Moscow. The two towers stand on the same mixed-use plinth. The most recognizable high-rise landmark in Moscow, Federation Tower has a memorable silhouette in the form of two glass sails which face one another.
 
 
 
The Federation Tower complex ascends to 374 meters (in 2017 the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat – CTBUH – recognized it as the tallest skyscraper in Europe). The design is based on the concept of the vertical city, which was realized here for the first time in the history of modern Russia. Each of the towers has a combination of office and residential floors, interspersed with sports and entertainment functions. The six-storey plinth likewise has offices and a shopping gallery. There are more public facilities on the upper floors of the both towers: a restaurant, an observation deck and a multifunctional public space for events.
 
 
The basis of the foundations of the Federation Tower complex is a massive concrete slab. Both buildings rely for their stability on a mighty concrete core whose walls are 1.4 meters thick at its base, as well as on 25 perimeter columns extending all the way through the towers from the foundations to the top storeys. Each column has a base measuring 2 x 1.4 meters. Every 25-30 storeys there are outrigger storeys made from high-strength steel structures. The fa?ades have been glazed using the very latest glazing systems: the surface of the glass reflects the sun’s rays while preserving the optimum temperature in the building. In terms of density, the glass comes close to the thermal performance of a brick wall. At the time when use of the latter technology began at Federation Tower, it was being used in no other skyscraper in the world.
 





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