韩国釜山滨河“框架”餐饮建筑(The Frame )- KAGA Architects & Planners

编辑导读:滨河的水岸空间,建筑将混凝土框架结构直接暴露在外,结构之间填充着透明的玻璃墙壁,这里,景观最大化,结构变成了“取景框”,而在内部也获得了最大化的无柱匀质空间…(经典值评价:7.3)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:KAGA Architects & Planners
地点:韩国,釜山(Suyeong-gu, Busan, South Korea)
主持建筑师:Ahn Yongdae
建筑面积:409.19 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Yoon Joonhwan
 
项目简介:
一个设计方案的思考是“它看起来将会如何”与“人们将会如何看待它”的综合结果。当建筑仅由暴露在外的混凝土结构和透明的墙壁组成时, 它将最大限度地减少对现有景观的干扰。
 
顺应 Suyeong 河堤40米长的狭窄场地,设计师构建了一个只由柱廊和地板组成的极简结构。建筑通过暴露自身的结构形成阴影浓郁的立面, 而内部旨在获得一个空间最大化的无柱匀质空间。
 
柱子在同时作为结构和同一形体之下的立面装饰要素时, 其两种角色的边界被模糊了。因此, 从内部看时, 结构柱和装饰柱之间的区别很小, 它们均作为一个欣赏景观的景框而存在。每一个景框内是不一样的风景, 这为原本狭长的水岸空间营造了节奏的韵律感。构成整栋建筑的这些景框, 取决于它们是如何呈现的, 成为一个被点缀者还是点缀者。
 
该场地位于可以欣赏到多功能沿海城市景观以及 Suyeong 河滨河风光的区域。多功能城市对面的山脉成为沿Suyeong 河的一幅风光背景, 山脚下点缀着4-5间咖啡馆建筑。
 
场地狭长而不规则, 并且在前面连接主路后面紧挨陡坡, 土壤挖掘在所难免,但场地同时也能拥有山脉提供的森林景观。由于这座山脉存在许多硬岩, 紧急楼梯区的土壤难以挖掘, 因此通过更改楼层高度, 此处空间也作为画廊使用。
 
该建筑的功能包括一间咖啡店 (1楼和2楼)、一家餐厅 (3楼)、一家红茶专卖店 (4楼) 和开放的屋顶平台。还有一间借用了一楼楼梯下部的画廊,楼梯在二楼改变方向连接到外面。
 
在遵循场地形状的前提下,考虑到场地平面尺度较小,立体停车场和核心区域被设计在一起, 并将滨河的风光和后山的森林景观引入建筑内部。通过将建筑物沿河立面处理为曲面, 不仅呼应了场地前侧略微突出的形状, 也在建筑中引导了人流。
 
考虑到咖啡馆的功能, 厨房被设置在内部深处, 长长的外墙获得了良好的视野; 外部空间通过左侧设置的露台与整个楼板右端进行联系; 为了尽量减少视觉干扰, 沿河主路上的立面是纯粹透明的玻璃墙体,没有设置窗户; 通风和视线问题通过在两侧放置折叠门来解决。根据人流设计的楼梯门厅, 体现了场地地形和周边景观, 这个向天空开放的空间不仅是一个简单的通道, 也作为一个展览空间使用。
 
起初为联系河流和森林,建筑形式被设计成简洁的框架。这套框架采用的模数是可以使得在空间中放置一张桌子后仍相对宽敞的尺度; 同时它也是一个通过将外部印象扩展到内部并可视化其功能的装置, 内部高度的变化直接在外部框架尺寸的变化上体现出来。该建筑意在成为从河对岸观赏的风景之一, 它呼应了周围建筑的形式, 并作为一个隐喻场地上岩石结节的形象。
 
这座建筑也赢得了釜山建筑奖金奖。

Design Team:Kim Jinsoo, Jaehyun Kim, chorong Kim, Yesol Han, Daeyong Lee
 
Structural Engineering:Mintech Structure & Equipment
Construction:Daejeong Construction
Mechanical Engineering:Mintech Structure & Equipment
Electrical Engineering:Kwangmyoung Engineering

Text description provided by the architects. A design plan is the result of thinking about ‘How will it be seen?’ and ‘How will we see it?’ The interference with the existing landscape was minimized by composing only with the externally exposed structure and transparent walls.
 
 
 
A minimal structure that consists only of a colonnade and floors was formed, following the shape of the 40-meter long and narrow site that continues along the Suyeong River. The exterior formed a facade that casts a deep shadow by revealing the structure, and the interior aimed for a homogeneous space with the maximum area and no pillars.
 
 
By forming the pilar as a structure and the pillar as a decorative element of the facade in the same shape, the boundary between the two was blurred. As a result, when seen from the inside, the classification between structural pillars and decorative pillars becomes ambiguous and they exist as a frame that holds the landscape. Each of the frames distinguish the landscape, creating a rhythmic sense of a narrow and long space. The frame that forms the building, depending on how it is seen, becomes an ornament or a decoration.
 
 
The site is located where the cityscape of Centum City and Marine City, as well as the Suyeong River and the waterside scenery that only Suyeong has can be seen. Since 4~5 cafe buildings are placed on a scenic area along the river, at the foot of the Suyeong riverside hills on the opposite side of Centum City, it is interpreted as one scenery with the hills at the back as a background along with the Suyeong River.
 
 
Soil excavation is concomitant since the shape of the site is a narrow and long indeterminate form that faces the front road and meets a steep slope at the backside, however, an opportunity to meet with the forest is provided. As a result of the mountain having many hard rocks, the emergency staircase area is difficult to excavate. Therefore, the space is used as a gallery by changing the floor height.
 
 
The uses of the building consist of a coffee shop (1st and 2nd floors), a restaurant (3rd floor), a black tea specialty store (4th floor) and a rooftop. There is also a gallery that uses the lower part of the first-floor staircase that changes direction on the second floor and connects to the outside.
 
 
Considering the fact that the plane is a small-scaled lot, the parking tower and the core area was attached, and the view on the front side and the forest at the backside was drawn in, but the shape of the site was followed. By processing the building front as a curve, which follows the shape of the slightly protruding front side, a movement is created in the frame.
 
 
Taking the functionality of the cafe into account, the kitchen is installed where the depth is deep, a long outer wall is placed in order to secure the view, and the outside space is met byplacing terraces at the left and right ends of the whole floor, in order to minimize the visual interference, the front road side was designed with transparent walls that exclude opening/closing windows, and ventilation and the view was solved by placing folding doors on each side. The stair hall, following the flow of circulation, holds the stratum that the land already has as well as the surrounding landscape, and as a space that is open to the sky, it was also made to operate as not just a simple passage, but also as an exhibition space.
 
 
The form starts as a frame that connects the river and the forest. This frame is adopted from a module that places a table in a relatively spacious manner, and it is also a device that visualizes its function by extending the external impression to the interior. the change in the interior lever is represented as an external form by varying the size of the frames. The building was aimed to become one of the sceneries when seen from across the river, following the shape of the surrounding buildings and appearing as a figure that connects the nodule of rocks that existed on the extant land.
 
 
Also, this building won the Gold-prize of Busan Architecture Awards.
 
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