乌拉圭 Sacromonte 山丘小教堂 (Sacromonte Landscape Hotel Chapel )- MAPA Arquitetos

编辑导读:葡萄牙园的山丘上,两块预制的木板相偎但不相接触而成的神圣空间。小教堂简洁的形式里融合了丰富的自然景观,一个漂浮的黑色金属盒子以一种非常规打破了教堂的对称性,其内部放置了圣母像。用现代诠释古老。(经典值评价:6.9)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:MAPA Arquitetos
地点:乌拉圭(Sierra de Carape, Maldonado, Uruguay)
建筑面积:27.0 m2
完工时间:2017
照片版权:Tali Kimelman, Leonardo Finotti
 
项目简介:
Sacromonte 是一处绝景。它融合了古老的力量和新生的脉动,创造出全新的,史无前例的领域。在这里,自然,生产,设施和场地的力量构筑了等待发现的刺激和体验。在这个独特的环境下,Sacromonte 教堂被修建在葡萄园,湖泊,山丘和建筑之间。它被设想成景观增幅器,与环境相融合,将对自然的感受提升的全新的层次。教堂坐落于圣山上一处一览无余的最高点,可以从远处望见。
 
21世纪的神圣空间应该是怎样的?Sacromonte 教堂通过与物质、空间和时间建立的模糊关系提出了对上述和其他问题的可能解读。置身于教堂可以感受到一种平和的张力,一种沉重与轻盈,存在与消解,科技与自然之间的张力。它神秘而莫测,为参观者留下了更多的思考而不是答案。
 
两个9x6米的木制板面精巧的彼此倚靠而不相接触。在这样简单而独特的姿态中,一种新的围合空间诞生于此。它既不封闭也不完全开敞,既是内部的空间也同时是自然环境的一部分。在内部,两侧板面试图保护和升华一小部分风景但同时又心怀敬畏地否认其造成的限制。由此,室内和室外的概念消解于一种弥漫的模糊的空间体验中。
 
教堂的建造从葡萄牙的一座工厂开始。预制的交错层压木构件和钢构件被直接运送到圣山,并在一天之内组装完成。整个设计简单而质朴,挑战以最少量的资源传达有力的信息。
 
一个漂浮的黑色金属盒子以一种超常的姿态打破了教堂的对称性。光线从它透明的黑玛瑙外表面进入。而其内部则放置了 La Carrodilla 圣母像。教堂与自然和谐共存,包容风雨。在某种层面上,它传达出了对展现人类,景观和物质永恒联系的最原始的建筑的一种怀旧之情。

Architects in Charge:Luciano Andrades, Matías Carballal, Andrés Gobba, Mauricio López, Silvio Machado
Team:Pablo Courreges, Diego Morera, Emiliano Lago, Fabián Sarubbi, Sandra Rodríguez, Rafael Solano, Agustín Dieste, Alba álvarez, Miquel Castellà, Marcos Gómara, Victoria Reibakas, Sebastián Lambert, Lucy Braunstein, Marie-Lise Hofstetter, Claire Gardan, Helena Utzig, Joao Bernardi
 
Structural Project:RDA Ingenieria
Factory Production:Portilame (Portugal)
Assembly and Installation:Cosia&Pombo
Transport:Carrión Transportes
Equipment:MAPA + Cosia&Pombo
Onyx:Laviere Vitacca
Cross:Taller Capitán
Foundations:Pablo Trucido

Text description provided by the architects. Sacromonte is landscape. It is a field of relational forces, of ancient intensity and new impulses that jointly create a new, unprecedented entity. Thus, nature, production, infrastructure and the palpable energy of the site configure a field of stimuli to be discovered; a field of experiences. In this particular setting, the Sacromonte Chapel finds its place among vineyards, lagoons, hills, and shelters. Conceived as a landscape amplifier, it blends with its surroundings taking the sensorial experience of nature to a whole new level. Located in one of the highest and unobstructed places of Sacromonte, it can be seen from afar.
 
 
 
How should the sacred spaces of the 21st century be? The chapel ponders possible interpretations of this and other questions through its ambiguous relationship with matter, space and time. A peaceful tension reigns when in contact with it. A tension between weight and lightness, presence and disappearance, technology and nature. Enigmatic and mystifying, it leaves its visitors with more questions than answers.
 
 
Two 9x6 meter wooden planes rest subtly on one another but without touching. From this simple and unique gesture, a new enclosure is born. Neither closed nor completely open, it is a space in itself but it is part of its environment at the same time. Inside, the planes try to protect and sanctify a small portion of the landscape but respectfully deny its confinement. Thus, the concepts of interior and exterior, in a diffuse and ambiguous spatial experience.
 
 
 
The chapel started in a factory in Portugal. Once prefabricated in cross-laminated timber and steel, it was transported directly to the landscape of Sacromonte to be assembled in one day. Simple and austere, its design assumes the challenge of conveying a powerful message using the lowest amount of resources possible.
 
 
Almost magically, a floating black metallic box breaks the symmetry in a transcendental act. Light enters through its outer face, a sheet of translucent onyx. Inside it, the Virgin of “La Carrodilla” finds shelter and protection. The chapel coexists harmoniously with nature, letting in winds and storms. In some way, there is a reminiscence of the most primitive of architectures. One that reunites humans, landscape, and matter with the eternal.





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