伊朗 Kamyaran 城郊现代住宅(Kamyaran House )- Rashed Azizi, Mohammad Kazerani + Gozar Architectural Design Studio

编辑导读:住宅融合了城乡生活,从伊朗乡村传统住宅的原型出发,对其空间模式进行了重新的梳理,满足了业主兼得的需求。(经典值评价:6.7)
▲ 点击图片可查看大图,并可进入全屏图集模式 ▲


项目概况:
建筑设计:Gozar Architectural Design Studio, Rashed Azizi, Mohammad Kazerani
地点:伊朗(Kamyaran, Iran)
主持建筑师:Rashed Azizi, Mohammad Kazerani
建筑面积:255.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Aram Alkanaan
 
项目简介:
对于以务农为生的小城人民来说,最根本的挑战是城乡生活的区别。这些人中的大多数都在城市里从事服务行业,同时维持着他们祖先的基业。他们愿意与城市生活一同进步,同时又因为怀旧而梦想乡村生活。在Kamyaran House这个项目中,两种截然不同的生活方式(同时也是雇主的意愿)将是该设计的基准。
 
通过研究村里的传统住宅结构,设计师确定了农居的四种基本空间模式:一,阳台通常在房子中央, 面朝主庭院,在温暖季节的白天里, 家庭成员们总是聚集于此;另外,卫生间的布局也很重要,因为这里的人们认为卫生间应当位于生活区域外、院子的角落处。
 
即使在Kamyaran的很多现代公寓里,卫生间的门也开在单元之间的公共走廊里。另一方面,院子的格局是孩子们游戏的好地方,也非常适合举办仪式和庆祝活动,比如村民会在每年最后一个星期三(Charshanbeh-souri)和Nowruz之夜举办宗教仪式和颂歌等活动。最后,客户的父亲是一个地毯零售商,衣橱区域和为他父亲设计的独处空间是一个很大的私人空间,一个巨大的橱柜位于房间的角落,房间面朝一片宽广的农田,并覆盖着色彩缤纷的地毯。至此,项目的最后一项工作完成。
 
Bayezprneh河沿着Kamyaran市的南北轴线延伸。项目位于河流最广阔的部分(“城市之湖”),因此其西部与河流平行。 根据土地的位置及其较小的面积,我们在城市居住区设计了全新的四种农屋空间模式。
 
我们使用二级碎石,因为这种石头与村屋使用的未经处理的石头更相似。我们使用了一个叫做Cheekh的原生阴影做渲染。彩色和着过色的玻璃与Cheekh一起,随着季节和时间的变化而变化。
 
Cheekh原本是一种用山羊毛编织而成的天然屋顶覆盖物。它既防水,又可以长期抵挡太阳直射。山羊的毛发也有一些有趣的特性:它在温暖的季节里变得松散,毛发蓬松让空气进入毛发中间,在寒冷的季节里则收缩,将毛发拉到一起阻止气流。它可用作防止秋季雨水和寒冷冬天的隔绝物。此外脸颊也能有效控制太阳辐射。

Structural Engineer:Behrouz Moradi
Presentation:Alireza Zamani
Cheekh Maker:Nasrin Akhzari Workshop
Client:Hoshmat Ghaysvandi
Budget:50.000 $

Text description provided by the architects. The fundamental challenge of the peoples of small towns with agricultural careers is the dichotomy between urban and rural life.
The Majority of these people have some kind of service job in the city and practice their ancestors’ occupations at the same time. They tend to use the possibilities the progress associated with urban life, and at the same time, dream for the nostalgia of living in the countryside. In the "Kamyaran House" project, the bipolarity of life [and, in fact, the wishes of the employer] has been the foundation of the design process.

By examining the employer's dwelling houses in the village, four basic physical-spatial patterns that were linked to rural life were identified: First, the model of the verandah, whose presence as a middle space, faces the main courtyard of the house, is very important for gathering family members in the warm seasons during the day. Then the pattern of the sanitary lay-out seems important because people in the area insist that the toilet should be outside the residential area and in the corner of the yard.
 
Even in many modern apartments in the city of Kamyaran, the toilet door opens to the communal corridor between units! On the other hand, the pattern of the yard, which was considered a great space for children\'s play, ritual ceremonies and ancient celebrations such as Last Wednesday of the year (Charshanbeh-souri) and the night of Nowruz, religious ceremonies such as the singing carols could not be ignored. Finally, regarding the occupation of the employer’s father, who was a carpet retailer, the pattern of the closet and the place of recluse for the father, which was a large private room with a colossal cupboard on a corner facing a vast view of the agricultural lands and covered with colorful carpets and rugs, the last loop of the project was completed.
 
The Bayezprneh River runs along the north-south axis of Kamyaran City. The project area is situated on the broadest part of the river ("Lake of the City") so that its western part is parallel to the river. Based on the location of the land and its small dimensions, we arranged four patterns of rural house levels in the urban housing section.
 
We use second grade cut-broken stones which was more similar to the untreated rocks used for the village houses. And for shaders, we used Cheekh, a native shading. Colored and shaded glasses along with Cheekh show different behaviors with changing seasons and hours.

Cheekh is originally a kind of native roof-cover woven with goat\'s hair. It is water proof and has a long-term resistance to direct sunlight. Goat\'s hair also has interesting properties: it is loose in the warm season and the straws are spaced apart allowing the air to flow inside, and it contracts in the cold season pulling the straws together blocking airflow. It acts as an insulator against falling autumn rains and cold winter weather influences. Also, the presence of cheekh causes the sun\'s radiation to be controlled.





▲ 点击图片可查看大图,并可进入全屏图集模式 ▲

















已邀请:

要发表您的看法,请先登录