日本福岛36年老宅翻新改造(A Long House )- Life Style Koubou

编辑导读:36年历史的老宅,基于业主常常需要迎来送往的特殊需求,建筑师缩减了居住空间,保留了屋顶结构,并将屋檐下的平台扩大了,将无压力的社交空间传承下去。(经典值评价:6.6)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:Life Style Koubou
地点:日本,福岛县,南相馬市(Minamisōma, Japan)
主持建筑师:Kotaro Anzai/Life style koubou
建筑面积:194.72 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Nao Takahashi
 
项目简介:
该建筑位于福岛的Soma市。Minamisoma以“Soma Nomaoi”野马节(福岛最大的节日之一)而闻名,也是公认的“临时疏散指定区”。在福岛核灾难之后,许多人搬离了这座城市,不再回来,所以有大量的空屋。业主和他的妻子分别要求我们进行装修,他们也别无选择,只能暂时撤离。在解除管制后,他们选择回到他们生活了几十年的城市,请我们来翻新他们珍爱的房子。
 
这栋有着36年历史的单层房屋,原本有7个各宽15平方米的房间,宽敞的厨房和两间浴室,对于70多岁的已婚夫妇来说未免有些太大了。虽然考虑到继承后的管理,房屋面积的压缩似乎是最好的选择,但我们决定保留2011年东北地震中幸存下来的坚固瓦片屋顶,并充分利用它。
 
业主一直有声望地接管该地区的传统活动,例如在索马野马节担任队长,他总是有访客往来。坐在屋檐下的平台上,与访客交谈,是他们的日常。屋檐下的平台是一个欢迎人们的完美空间; 访客没有压力或需要脱鞋,同时可以来去自由,不受约束。
 
Minamisoma几乎没有雪,因此,在平台上喝茶、吸烟,进行的小型谈话是一个全季节的日常活动。我们希望保留这一平常但珍贵的景观和瓦片屋顶,并为那些回来的人们创造城市的中心,让他们可以互相了解和支持。决定这样做以后,我们缩减了居住空间,同时保持屋顶结构,并将大部分剩余区域翻新成平台。
 
在Soma Nomaoi野马节期间,约有20人轮流在这所房子聚集。我们已经建造了主入口,用于脱鞋和存放鞋子,但是我们的房子结构允许游客从屋檐下的平台的任何一侧进入,而不需要穿过入口。我们可以想象,节日过后,这个地方的人们聚集在平台周围,宾至如归,相互感谢,享受他们的时光。我们满怀期待地,希望这种景象能永远持续下去。

Text description provided by the architects. The premises are located in Soma City, Fukushima. Minamisoma is known for “Soma Nomaoi” wild horse chase festival, one of the biggest festivals Fukushima has to offer—or perhaps best recognized as the “temporary evacuation designated zone”. After the Fukushima nuclear disaster, many moved out of the city and still keep themselves away from the city. There are great quantities of empty houses in the area. The owner and his wife who have separately asked us for a renovation also had no choice but to evacuate temporarily. After deregulation, they chose to go back to the city they had been living in for decades, and we were asked to renovate their cherished home.

 
This 36-year-old, one-storied house originally had 7 rooms, each 15 ㎡ wide, extensive kitchen, and two bathrooms, and was too big for a married couple in their 70s. While contraction of the house seemed to be the best idea considering its management after inheritance, we decided to retain the strong tiled roof which survived the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and make full use of it.
 
 
The owner has been taking over the area’s traditional events with dignity, taking the role of the captain in Soma Nomaoi wild horse chase festival for example, and he always had visitors coming and going. Sitting on the terrace, talking to visitors—this was their daily routine. The terrace is a perfect space for welcoming people; there is no stress or need for the visitors to take off their shoes and it allows them to come and go whenever they want.
 
 
There is hardly any snow in Minamisoma and thus, small talk sessions with tea and tobacco by the terrace were an all-season, everyday thing. We wanted to preserve this usual but precious sight along with the tiled roof, and create the heart of the city for those coming back where people can get to know and support each other. Determined to build such a house, we decided to minimize the living space while keeping the roof structure as it is and renovate most of the remaining area into a terrace.
 
 
At the time of the Soma Nomaoi wild horse chase festival, about 20 people take turns to gather around this house. We have built the main entrance for taking off and storing shoes but structured the house to allow visitors in from any side of the terrace so that they would not need to go through the entrance. We can imagine people of the area gathering around the terrace after the festival, making themselves at home, thanking each other and enjoying their time. We sincerely hope that such sight will last forevermore.
 





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