巴西里约 Firjan 综合楼(Casa Firjan )- Atelier77

编辑导读:百年历史建筑旁的文创建筑,转角一个亮黄色的开洞引起了新旧之间的激烈对话,既引发了对历史建筑的新认识,也激活了场地空间,同时提高了建筑的辨识度。(经典值评价:7.2)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:Atelier77
地点:巴西,里约热内卢(Guilhermina Guinle Street, 211 - Botafogo - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
建筑面积:6800平方米(73194.5 ft2)
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Monique Cabral, Fernando Bonini
 
项目简介:
Casa Firjan是一个充满反响和鼓励创造的空间,更为应对新的经济挑战提供了创新性解决方案。
 
该项目最近在由里约热内卢工业联合会举办的2012年建筑竞赛中,被评为里约热内卢建筑师协会年度最佳建筑。Casa Firjan建于博塔弗戈(Botafogo)的Guinle家宅Palacete Linneu de Paula Machado的宅基地上,这是一个集企业、教育和文化活动功能于一身的建筑,旨在促进创意产业的参与者的互动和交流。
 
该项目的设计激发了用户对空间的灵活使用,进而促进了建筑内外部之间、学生和企业家、访客之间的交流。
 
这个大型项目将在中央广场为讲座、授课、商业论坛、实验室、展览和户外电影等活动提供空间。
 
在博塔弗戈繁华热闹的商圈内,Casa Firjan为附近的城市肌理提供了一丝绿意,历史悠久的Palacete及花园里的百年大树,营造出了一种静谧的环境。
 
该建筑引入了教育、生产、展览和交流等元素, 引发了与周围环境的激烈对话,更唤起了对历史建筑的新认识,将这个空间改造为创意、知识、艺术和休闲相融合的乐土。
 
新建筑的周围保留了现有树木,并在建筑和Palacete之间设计了一个可用作聊天区的室内广场,并强调了这两个建筑的高辨识度。Casa Frijan新建筑引导着古老的Palacete,这样的结合将成就一段佳话。
 
该建筑占地为两个街区,由一个相通的地下室连接起来,建筑的不同分区由墙外的室内通道连接。街区之间的空间用来授课,并为学生的课外活动提供了场地。
 
建筑的侧面是非常有特色的透明幕墙。Rua Guilhermina Guinle酒店的外观由大块的玻璃板拼接而成,展现了建筑的吸引力和接纳性。面向广场和Palacete的内部里面呈现了双层外观,玻璃幕墙和一层垂直木制移动百叶窗既防止太阳直射,又保持了建筑的通透性。活动百叶窗给建筑带来活力和浓浓的生活气息。
 
该建筑因其出色的功能性设计和可持续的特性脱颖而出。除了通过玻璃幕墙实现自然采光和百叶窗板达到遮阳的效果外,还采用了雨水收集重复使用和太阳能等技术。自然通风和节能型空调系统可有效提高能源效率。因此,该项目在圣戈班建筑奖 –可持续发展的家园(Saint-Gobain Prize – Sustainable Habitat)的机构设计(Institutional Design)类别中获得第二名。
 
Palacete Linneo de Paula Machado由Guinle家族于1906年建造,该项目由John Oberg负责。1910年,建筑师阿曼多•达席尔瓦•泰勒斯(Armando da Silva Telles)的设计为该建筑赋予了流行的建筑风格,并保存至今。
 
从1911年起,Celina Guinle夫妇和Linneode Paula Machado夫妇居住于此。 2003年,该建筑和花园在市政府登记,2006年被里约热内卢州政府登记在册。 2010年,FIRJAN收购了该物业。
 
Palacete Linneo de Paula Machado是二十世纪初巴西建筑的典型代表,深受法国折衷主义的影响。
 
Palacete的修复工程整体上保持其原有的内饰,在这个基础上将建筑作为办公和文化空间所需的东西和谐地融入其中。原有的元素被大量保留, 并添加了镶木地板、马赛克、装饰品和一些新元素,比如新的灯具和家具。
 
CASA FIRJAN采用的家具极具巴西特色,有很多传统的小物件,有一个专门供Sergio Rodrigues及其学生使用的房间,当然也有一些很现代的家具,比如Marcos Ferreira,Bruno Faucs和Marcelo Ligieri的家具。 Atelier77为该建筑特意设计的家具很好地起到了营造氛围的作用。

Team:Rodrigo Bocater, David Serr?o, GregorFasching, San Jandrey, Fernando Bonini, Carmen Gottschall, Astrid Pudzhun
Atelier77 Partners:Thorsten Nolte, Nanda Eskes, Priscila Marinho
Interiors:Atelier 77
Light Design:LD Studio
Structure:Marcio Pompei
Construction:Lopes Marinho e MViana

Text description provided by the architects. CASA FIRJAN is a space for reflection and creation of proposals and innovative solutions to the challenges of the new economy.

The project, recently awarded as the Best New Building in the Annual Award of the Architect′s Institute of Rio de Janeiro, is the result of an architectural competition in 2012, promoted by the Federation of Industries of Rio de Janeiro. Implemented on the site of the Palacete Linneu de Paula Machado, residence of the family Guinle in Botafogo, CASA FIRJAN connects in its various spaces corporate, educational and cultural activities, promoting encounter among the actors of the Creative Industries within a space of connectivity and interaction.
 
 
The design of the project stimulates the appropriation of space by its users, promotes the dialogue between the different buildings of the complex, between internal and external, between students, entrepreneurs and visitors.
 
 
With a widespread program, the space will offer lectures, courses, business forums, fab lab, exhibitions and outdoor cinema on the central square.
 
 
Within the intense and bustling neighborhood of Botafogo, the site of the CASA FIRJAN forms a space of repose in the urban fabric of the neighborhood, a place of relaxation where the historical Palacete and its century-old tree lined gardens generate an environment of reflection and contemplation.

The insertion of a building for education, production, exhibition and discussion provokes an instigating dialogue with the environment and evokes new occupation of the historical place, guiding the space to creativity, knowledge, art and leisure.
 
 
In the setting of the new building, the existing trees were preserved, and an internal square was created between the building and the Palacete, to generate meeting space and to allow the legibility of the two moments of construction. The new building of CASA FIRJAN gives the protagonism to the historical Palacete, creating an instigating dialogue.

The geometry of the building consists of two blocks on a single basement, connected on the last floor. The different sectors of the building are connected by an internal course that is largely located on the outside facade. The void created between the blocks is part of this course and forms a space of multiple activities free to the students\' appropriation.

The elevations of the building are marked by transparency. The façade to Rua Guilhermina Guinle is composed by large glass panels presenting the building inviting and receptive. The internal facades, facing the square and the Palacete, present a double skin with a glass façade and a layer of mobile panels of vertical wood louvers, which protect the facade of the direct solar incidence and allow visibility of the internal activities. The movement of the louvers generates dynamism and vivacity.
 
 
The building stands out for its functional design and its sustainable attitudes. In addition to the natural lighting through the glass facades and shading by the louver panels, it works with reuse of rainwater and use of solar energy. Natural ventilation and economical air conditioning systems complete the energy efficiency. The project was awarded with the second place in the Saint-Gobain Prize for Architecture - Sustainable Habitat in the \'Institutional Design\' category.
 
 
The Palacete Linneo de Paula Machado was built by the family Guinle in 1906 with a project by John Oberg. In 1910 an extension by architect Armando da Silva Telles conferred the prevailing architectural style to the building, which is still observed today.
 
 
From 1911, the couple Celina Guinle and Linneode Paula Machado lived in the residence. In 2003 the building and the gardens were registered by the Municipality, in 2006 by the State of Rio de Janeiro. In 2010 occurred the acquisition of the property by FIRJAN.
 
 
The Palacete Linneo de Paula Machado is a typical example of architecture in the beginning of the twentieth century in Brazil, with an eclectic composition of French influence.
 
 
The restoration of the Palacete maintains integrally its original configuration, harmoniously inserting the technical needs of the new occupation as a corporate and cultural space. The original elements have been preserved, parquet floors, mosaics, ornaments, and new elements were added, like a new lighting and furniture.
 
 
The furniture in accordance to the vocation of CASA FIRJAN represents Brazilian design, exposing classic objects, with a room dedicated to Sergio Rodrigues and his students, and contemporary ones, like furniture by Marcos Ferreira, Bruno Faucs and Marcelo Ligieri. Furnitures individually designed for this project by Atelier77 complete the ambience.
 





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