首届世界城市森林论坛“森林间” 装置(Into the Forest )- Openfabric

编辑导读:这个项目通过使用模糊、并置、引起不适感的造型手法,以挑战大自然给人们的固有印象为目标并希望能够唤起人们对城市环境中自然的重要性和气候变暖的可怕影响的认知。(经典值评价:6.2)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:Openfabric
地点:意大利(Mantua, Italy)
建筑面积:1000.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Jacopo Gennari Feslikenian 
 
项目简介:
Openfabric被选中为意大利小城 Mantua 的城市中心进行公共空间设计,以迎接首届世界城市森林论坛 (WFUF 2018) 。设计的主旨是要在学术层面以及公众层面这两个论坛的不同层面间建立联系。项目希望通过话题性地表现几种类型的森林来唤起人们对城市环境中自然的重要性和气候变暖的可怕影响的认知。
 
通过使用模糊、并置、同一审美标准、引起不适感的造型手法,这个项目以挑战大自然给人们的固有印象为目标并希望能被市民、全球公众接受。
 
本地森林
“本地森林”用片段回顾了农业化及城市化的大变革发生之前覆盖Po Valley (Pianura Padana)的原始森林是如何形成的。实际上,意大利北部的大部分地区很有可能曾被以橡木和枥木为主的森林覆盖过。这些森林现在只留存下少量小片部分,它们作为自然资源储备被保护起来。而在这里,就如在其他任何的森林中一样,死去和腐化的树木(木桩)是维持丰富的细菌、霉菌、昆虫和其他无脊椎动物等分解者生物(食腐木生物)群落的关键。
 
地中海森林
由于气候、土壤和人为因素,具有丰富多种的组成及体系的地中海硬叶常绿栎类林塑造了地中海景观的特征。主要树种有冬青栎、圆叶栎、栓皮栎、月桂树和草莓树,后面的两种类似于灌木的生长形态。在此地区的人类社会历史上,常绿栎树林一直被当作是一种策略性资源,以薪材、软木、食物草料、原木和建材的形式为当地社群提供着直接或间接的制品和收益。
 
倒下的森林
“倒下的森林”是为了纪念在2018年11月2日意大利东北部龙卷风中不幸倒下的上百万棵树木。这个装置通过部分重现灾后的末世景象(使用了造纸过程产生的剩余木材),将热带气候现象和它对环境造成的惊人破坏逼真呈现出来。在全球气候变暖真切发生着的此刻,采取应对措施刻不容缓。

 
Text description provided by the architects. Openfabric has been selected to design the public spaces of Mantova city center in occasion of the first World Forum on Urban Forest (WFUF 2018) by FAO. The aim of the design is to engage with the two different levels of the forum: the academic one and the broad public. The project wants to critically represent a number of forest typologies rising both awareness on the importance of nature in urban environments and on the dramatic effects of climate change.

Through the tools of ambiguity, juxtaposition, aesthetics and discomfort, Into the Forest aims to challenge the perception of nature and aspires to be adopted by cities, globally.
 
 
Native Forest
The "Native Forest" recalls a fragment of the ancient forest formations widely covering the Po Valley (Pianura Padana) before the massive transformation to agriculture and urbanization. In-fact large part of Northern Italy was very likely covered by lowlands forests dominated by Quercus spp. and Carpinus betulus. The forests currently survive only in few, small patches, protected as nature reserves. Here, as in any other type of forest, dead and decaying wood (snag) is key to support a rich community of?decomposers (saproxylic organisms)?like bacteria and fungi, insects, and other?invertebrates.
 
 
Mediterranean Forest
The Mediterranean sclerophyllous evergreen oak forest shapes the character of Mediterranean landscapes with a wide variety of formations and structures, according to climate, soil, and anthropogenic conditions. The dominant tree species are?Quercus ilex, Quercus rotundifolia, Quercus suber, Laurus nobilis?and?Arbutus unedo, the latter two having?rather?often a shrub growth form. The evergreen oak woodlands have been a strategic resource along the history of human societies in the region, providing direct and indirect goods and benefits to local communities, as fuelwood, cork, food and fodder, timber, shelter.
 
 
The Fallen Forest
“Fallen Forest” is a memorial for the millions of trees victims of the cyclone that hit the North-Eastern regions of Italy on November 2nd, 2018. The installation confronts the phenomena of climate tropicalisation and its catastrophic effects on the environment, by recreating a portion of post-apocalyptic landscape (using leftovers trunks of paper production-chain). Climate change is real, action is urgent.
 





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