泰国 AHSA 特色农场住宿(AHSA FARMSTAY )- Creative Crews

编辑导读:该农场住宿项目旨在发扬传统的建筑工艺,采用了回收的旧实木作为建筑的主要材料,由此形成全新的造型又蕴含了丰富的传统意味。(经典值评价:6.8)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:Creative Crews
地点:泰国(Maechan, Chiang Rai, Thailand)
建筑面积:565.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:Thitaya Tan 
 
项目简介:
该项目让建筑师有机会检验建筑和当地文化之间的关系。与泰国别的偏远地区一样,传统建筑工艺存在失传的危机。
 
这种陌生感以及社会生态的改变,逐渐腐蚀了居民与传统建筑的关系。生活方式的改变,是传统的住家形式变得越来越无关,因此千篇一律的水泥房屋变得流行。传统住宅要么被糟糕地扩建,增加一些现代元素,要么被拆掉当作旧木收购。
 
AHSA农场住宿项目希望能够通过文化旅游这个方案解决以上的问题,并让传统建筑工艺能够流传更久。柯林戴维斯在《关于建筑的思考》一书 ‘造型’这一章中谈到过造型和材质之间的关系。戴维斯提出,虽然造型和材质互相交织,却又是两个完全不同的实体。在如何保留建筑这个课题里,保留造型或是保留材质是两个流行的又互相冲突的方式。其中一个一定会更占上风。
 
回收的旧实木被选为建筑的主要材料。建筑师选择保留原始建筑的精髓,而不是完全复刻。组成原本建筑的材质和构成部分作为独立个体收集起来重新组织,形成新的造型,以服务新的功能。在建造过程中, 为节约成本减少浪费,每一片旧实木都被记录在案。
 
一些旧木留有之前的木工痕迹,形态也不同,这些都被保留。每个痕迹都讲述了该片木板的故事和旅程。建筑的部分细节采用传统建筑工艺,另外的一些为了结构的完整性进行了改良优化。
 
最终, AHSA农场住宿项目让建筑师有机会展示传统建筑也可以通过优化,适应逐渐变化的社会文化生态以及社会经济景象。

Text description provided by the architects. This project allowed the architect to examine Architecture as the relationship between buildings and culture. In Chiang Rai, similarly to other rural places in the country, vernacular building techniques are not passed down from generations to generations.

 
This lack of familiarity coupled with the changing socio-cultural landscape has eroded the relationship between traditional buildings and the people living in them. As people livelihoods changed, traditional homes are becoming less relevant, resulting in an increasingly popular trend of replacing vernacular homes for generic concrete houses. Vernacular houses are either inadequately adapted with ‘modern extensions’ or being dismantled and sold as reclaimed timber, in parts spurred on by other poorly adapted buildings.
 
 
The AHSA FARMSTAY Project address this issue through the programme of cultural tourism and the conservation of vernacular architecture for future generations. In the chapter Form from Colin Davies’ Thinking About Architecture, the relationship between Form and Matter is discussed. Davies pointed out that although form and matter are closely intertwined, they are very much two distinct entities. Two prevalent ideas in conservation are the conflict between form and matter, over which should take precedence in being preserved.
 
 
Re-claimed timber from dismantled homes was selected as the main building material. The architect chose to conserve the essence of the original buildings in parts rather than restoring as a whole. The matter which made up the original buildings are preserved as individual components which are reassembled, taking on new forms to serve new functions. Extensive documentation of individual pieces was undertaken to minimize construction cost and material wastage.
 
 
Some material has distinctive forms resulting from the previous joinery, which are preserved and celebrated. Each mark tells the story of the journey of each piece of timber, where it has been, and how it was used. Some details were designed to mimic vernacular construction methods, others were updated and improved upon to ensure structural integrity.
 
 
Ultimately, the AHSA FARMSTAY project allowed the architect to demonstrate that vernacular architecture could be updated and made relevant to the shifting socio-cultural as well as the socio-economic scene of present times.





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