英国6平米“流浪者小屋”(The Homeless Cabin )- JFD + Clear Architects

编辑导读:简单的小屋,同时易适应、还能自给自足,同时了建筑的保温性能及内部自然采光,为无家可归者提供了温暖、安全睡眠的地方……(经典值评价:6.6)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:Clear Architects, JFD
地点:英国(United Kingdom)
建筑面积:6.0 m2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:James Furzer 
 
项目简介:
曾斩获多个奖项的建筑设计师 James Furzer 与大设计现场( Grand Designs Live )一起合作落实了他的“流浪者小屋”概念。
 
约有1100人每晚会“粗糙地”独自睡在伦敦街头, James 独创的解决方案基于对英国日渐增长的流浪者问题的认识,以及为那些无家可归之人提供安全避风港的需要。相比之下“防卫”建筑( Defensive architecture )旨在阻止这些露宿街头的流浪者,对解决问题毫无帮助,只是简单地该变了社区。
 
设计“流浪者小屋”是作为对不友好建筑的快速回应以及解决措施,它们既可被单独使用也可作为小屋社区给流浪者提供安全与庇护的场所。
 
 JFD 创始人兼主管, Clear Architects Part III 建筑师助理  James Furzer 说:“作为建筑师,我们应将建筑作为工具帮助改变人们对流浪者的固有观念,并为那些不幸的人提供考虑周全的设计空间。它是一个温暖、安全且隐秘的住所,人们可以在这个远离公众视野的地方聚集思考并在公众视野中重生。简而言之,它就是一个针对粗糙睡眠的全球化快速应对临时方案。”
 
专家组包括电视节目主持人 Kunle Barker 和 Clear Architects 的 James Furzer 就“ 粗糙睡眠者的产生”( Rise Of The Rough Sleeper )这个有争议的话题在大剧场展开了探讨。
 
Clear Architects 的创始人兼业务主管 Melanie Clear 说:“作为一种惯例,我们一直在寻找形成‘不安’的社会根源,并且每年都会承担几项慈善挑战。我们对 James 的工作,极大的热情和鼓舞人心的设计感到无比自豪,他为那些需要帮助的人们提供了片刻喘息与安全。 很高兴看到大设计发起这个讨论并进一步深化国家对这个极其复杂的问题的认识。”
 
大设计现场活动策划经理 Anthony Goodey 评论道:“大设计现场背后的团队很高兴与 James Furzer 合作完成这个项目。为英国无家可归危机提供创新且经济的解决方案应逐渐成为我们所有人心中最重要的议题。大设计就是开拓创新的代言词,无论是何种层面上的。近来英格兰中部出现的粗糙睡眠者问题逐渐引起我们的关注,所以这对我们伯明翰的节目秀来说是个绝佳的专题,我知道它会引起观众们的共鸣。”
 
 James 对这个问题非常关心,他对把矛头指向粗糙睡眠者的批评感到震惊,他通过自身的建筑学背景找到了解决问题的方法。之前的从熟悉形式演变出的概念方案以及新的“无家可归者吊舱”都广受好评,它可以被悬挂于街面上的现有房屋之上。
 
为确保设计尽可能简单需要谨慎选择材料以加强建筑保温性能及内部自然采光。每个概念都被设计为易适应及自给自足,这意味着不需要额外电力。建筑内部是简单的材料设计和装修,为安全舒适的夜间睡眠提供所需的最低需求。这个概念并不是为了提供“奢华留宿夜”,而是为安全睡眠提供恰当的氛围。

Lead Architects:James Furzer
Consultants:Clear Architects, Flight Timber, Halo AV, Kevin Cohen, WL Construction, Varico Ltd
 

Text description provided by the architects. Multi-award winning Architectural Designer James Furzer collaborated with this year’s Grand Designs Live to bring his concepts for ‘Homeless Cabins’ to life.
 
 
 
With around 1100 people sleeping ‘rough’ each night on London’s streets alone, James’s ingenious solution recognises the increasing issue of homelessness in the UK, and the need to provide a safe haven for those with nowhere to sleep.?‘Defensive’ architecture, aimed at deterring rough sleepers does little to tackle the problem of homelessness and simply shifts the community along.
 
 
The ‘Homeless Cabin’ has been designed as an immediate reaction and solution to hostile architecture and they can be used both independently or as a community of cabins which provide a place of shelter, and safety.
 
 
James Furzer, Founder & Director at JFD and Part III Architectural Assistant, Clear Architects:?“As architects, we should be using architecture as a tool to help change the current perception of homelessness and provide thoughtfully designed spaces for those less fortunate.?A place of warmth, security and privacy, where one can gather their thoughts and regenerate away from the public eye. In short, a worldwide, immediate, temporary solution to rough sleeping”.
 
 
This controversial subject was explored by a panel of experts, including TV Presenter Kunle Barker, and James Furzer, of Clear Architects, as they discussed the?‘Rise Of The Rough Sleeper’?at the Grand Theatre.
 
 
Melanie Clear, Founder & Practice Director at Clear Architects said:?“As a practice we have always sought to support the ‘uncomfortable’ social causes, taking on several charitable challenges each year. We are immensely proud of James’ work, his passion and inspirational designs to provide respite and safety for those most in need. It is fantastic to see Grand Designs take up the debate and further the nation’s awareness of this incredibly complex problem”.
 
 
Anthony Goodey, Event Manager, Grand Designs Live commented:?“The team behind Grand Designs Live are thrilled to be working with James Furzer on this project. Offering an innovative, cost-effective solution to the UK’s homeless crisis should be at the forefront of all our minds as a growing concern. Grand Designs is synonymous with pioneering innovation – no matter what scale. The rise of the rough sleeper in the Midlands has recently been brought to our attention, so this is a perfect feature for our Birmingham based show which I know will resonate with our visitors”
 
 
This is a subject which is close to James’s heart, appalled at the criticism levelled at ‘rough’ sleepers, using his architectural background, he has set out to find a solution. Drawn from a familiar form, previous concepts have been critically acclaimed including the innovative ‘homeless pods’, which could be suspended from an existing building above street level.
 
 
To ensure designs are as simple as possible, materials are carefully selected to enhance the thermal qualities and natural lighting within the shelters. Each concept is designed to be easily adapted to become self-sufficient, meaning no mains electricity would be required. Inside would be a simple material design and fit-out, providing the minimum requirements for a secure and comfortable night’s sleep. The concept is not about providing a ‘luxury night’s stay’ but an appropriate atmosphere for safe sleeping.
 





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