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美国波士顿19世纪老宅改造 (Outlier Lofts )- French 2D

编辑导读:19世纪历史住宅的改造更新,重建的三层采用了锯齿状的屋顶,人们在这里可以读出多种历史…(经典值评价:7)
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项目概况:
建筑设计:French 2D
地点:美国,波士顿(Boston, Massachusetts United States)
建筑面积:1600.0 ft2
完工时间:2018
照片版权:John Horner 
 
项目简介:
不寻常的Loft 公寓,由波士顿建筑公司French 2D团队设计,是一项历史建筑改造工程。建筑坐落在查尔斯敦(Charlestown)附近的城市一角,French 2D考虑了设计的历史文脉,考虑到它的三面分别作为建筑物的“背面”和“正面”,对现有结构的重新定位。
 
这座建筑最初建于19世纪,是联排别墅的一栋,入口处面朝宽阔的运河,沿途是一片土豆棚。上世纪60年代,一场大火将三楼烧毁,建筑因此转型,主要入口转移到紧邻的侧街,最终成为一家酒吧。新一轮的改造保留酒吧侧门,建造了三个阁楼风格的公寓,从建筑物的短边一侧进入。每套阁楼142平方米,有两间卧室和两间浴室。之前入口的记忆被保留在建筑物原来的正面,新的窗户布置与联排住宅的里面排布一致。建筑师们重布三层,加上了新的锯齿形屋顶,在面对高架公路和道路的方向创造了一个“莫霍克式”的轮廓。建筑物的短边依旧与周边的传统建筑平直对接。“就好像,向从高速公路进入波士顿的人友好致意,这座重新设计的大楼成为城市的新门面,而社区原本是内向的,”联合创始人之一珍妮·弗伦奇指出。
 
新的设计中French 2D对于想象建筑内部的生活产生了浓厚的兴趣,并创造了一种表面张力来容纳它的许多历史更迭。虽然没有路标,但是有很高的政治标签(历史上的政治拥戴者),以前在这座建筑里经营的酒吧——“老萨利”——是查尔斯敦最不起眼却也是最显眼的建筑之一。它也是本·阿弗雷克(Ben Affleck)最近的电影《城市》中的一个拍摄地点。通过这些故事,以及工业区边缘的老房子的见证,French 2D最终建造了一座当代住宅,让人们从一座建筑中读出多种历史。
 
French 2D的兴趣在于想象生活和分解历史,在一个实验平台中探索,以创造阁楼的内部造型。合作伙伴Anda French说:“这个项目是通过多用比如虚拟平台(一种在房地产行业流行的表达技术来销售空房)和使用三视图来推测建筑作品的。”平立面图将打破现实,而最终的成像由过去和未来的居民决定。”

Text description provided by the architects. Outlier Lofts, designed by Boston-based architecture firm French 2D, is a renovation that addresses the site’s many historical layers. Sited on an urban corner in the neighborhood of Charlestown, the existing structure underwent a series of re-orientations, a history that French 2D threads into the new design, considering the way its three sides operate as both ‘backs’ and ‘fronts’ of the building.
 
The building was originally constructed in the 19th century as a pair of connected townhouses with entrances facing a wide canal and a sea of potato sheds along a trainline. Following a fire in the 1960s that destroyed the third floor, the building was reoriented, with its main entrance shifted to an abutting side street, eventually becoming a bar. The current renovation maintains the bar’s side entrance and creates three loft-style flats, entered from the short side of the building. Each loft measures 1,529 square feet with two bedrooms and two baths. The ghosts of previous entrances are maintained along the building\'s original frontage with the new window arrangements that echo the townhouse rhythm. The architects re-introduced the lost third floor, incorporating a new saw-tooth roof that creates a “mohawk-like” profile facing the elevated highway and roads beyond. The short side of the building maintains a straight-faced integration among its more traditional neighbors. “Like a friendly nod to those entering Boston from the highway, the reimagined building addresses the city as a new front face for a neighborhood that might otherwise be seen as inward-looking,” notes cofounding partner Jenny French.

For the new design, French 2D engaged in a deep interest in the imagined inner life of the building, and in creating a surface tension that accommodates it’s many historical iterations. With no signage but high political visibility (via a historically political clientele), the bar that previously inhabited the building ?– ‘Old Sully’s’?– was one of the most invisible yet visible buildings in Charlestown. It also served as a location in Ben Affleck’s recent film The Town. French 2D worked through these narratives, as well as that of the original townhouses with an industrial edge, to arrive at a contemporary dwelling that allows multiple histories to be read through a single structure.
 
 
French 2D\'s interest?in imagined lives and layered history is explored?beyond the architecture in?an experimental staging?project to create the interior images of the lofts. Says co-founding partner Anda French, “This project speculates on architectural production by misusing representational tools like virtual staging, a rendering technique popular in the real estate industry to sell empty homes, and by using orthographic drawings to conjure ghosts.? Plans and elevations collapse multiple realities, while final photographs are inhabited by a cast of the structure’s past and future furniture residents.”
 





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