加拿大哈利法克斯新中央图书馆(New Halifax Central Library)- Schmidt Hammer Lassen + Fowler Bauld & Mitchell

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项目概况:
建筑设计:Schmidt Hammer Lassen, Fowler Bauld & Mitchell
地址:加拿大,新斯科舍省,哈利法克斯(Halifax, NS, Canada)
面积:15000.0 平方米
时间:2014
照片版权:Adam Mørk

项目简介:
来自建筑师的描述。2014年12月13日,哈利法克斯新中央图书馆面向公众开放,加拿大哈利法克斯的市民们又获得了一个早已受到国际认可的城市地标。2010年,丹麦建筑师事务所schmidt hammer lassen architects和本地设计公司Fowler Bauld & Mitchell在一次国际设计竞标中共同赢得了这个15000平方米的图书馆的设计合约。图书馆坐落在哈利法克斯市中心的一个显著位置,是一个面向所有人开放的文化中心,也正因如此,项目才能以合作的形式实现。

哈利法克斯新中央图书馆的设计开放而热情,反映了这个城市多样化的居民组成和传统。该建筑成为市中心重建的催化剂,亦是经过大量合作过程而产生的成果。这些合作包括每个月一次的公共咨询以及联合各个分组座谈会开设的工作坊。

图书馆的外观为四个矩形体块彼此叠放,在水平方向上扭转方向,呈两个对角线方向,这两个方向在城市的正交网格中占支配地位。

“哈利法克斯这座城市,要求在设计一座新的公共建筑时关注其悠久的海事传统。因而,哈利法克斯城堡与港口之间的历史轴线,刚好穿过图书馆的所在地,这也反映在了图书馆的第五层的方位上,这一层包含‘哈利法克斯城市客厅’,不仅给人提供了一种独特的视野,还更能让人理解城市的历史传统。”schmidt hammer lassen architects的创办合伙人Morten Schmidt解释道。

图书馆的内部折射出了其外观的多样性,中庭的楼梯和连桥连接着五个楼层。在光线充盈的中庭可纵观图书馆的大量设施,其中包括300座的演出空间、两间咖啡馆、游戏站、音乐工作室、成年人扫盲班的专属空间、原住民读书会以及为本地创业者提供的会议室。整个二楼都是为儿童和青少年服务的,这里有为每个年龄段设计的区域,从初学走路的孩子到十几岁的青少年。

“哈利法克斯新中央图书馆是一座现代化的综合性图书馆。它结合了传统图书馆的优势与创新的功能和设施,”schmidt hammer lassen architects的合伙人Chris Hardie解释道,“通过设计这样一座适应性很强的图书馆,我们在其中包含了多种功能,以确保图书馆能满足哈利法克斯社区未来的所有需求。人们不仅应该视这座建筑为图书馆,还应该把它当成市中心的一处免费公共空间。”
说到现代图书馆,Morten Schmidt补充道:“现代图书馆是最重要的知识交流平台之一。与在互联网上找到的信息相比,人们在图书馆里亲身合作与交流的知识更具有特别的意义。哈利法克斯新中央图书馆是一个文化中心、一个重要的学习中心,也是整个社会的城市地标。”

schmidt hammer lassen architects在设计图书馆方面有着丰富的经验;最著名的也许要数丹麦哥本哈根的皇家图书馆扩建项目以及位于苏格兰、获得RIBA大奖的阿伯丁大学新图书馆了。2014年年初,这家建筑师事务所在加拿大设计的第一座图书馆在埃德蒙顿正式开放。2015年,DOKK1,位于丹麦奥尔胡斯的新公共图书馆即将完工,它将成为北欧地区最大的图书馆。

(本文贡献方:archdaily,archgo;组织:树状模式)
From the architect. As the new Halifax Central Library opens to the public on 13 December 2014, the citizens of Halifax, Canada, have been given a civic landmark which has already received international recognition. The contract to design the 15,000 m2 library was won in an international competition in 2010 by the Danish schmidt hammer lassen architects and local firm Fowler Bauld & Mitchell. Sited on a prominent location in the heart of Halifax, the library stands as a cultural hub accessible to everyone and as a result of what can be achieved through co-creation.

The new Halifax Central Library has an open, welcoming design which reflects the city’s diverse population and heritage. The building is a catalyst for the regeneration of the downtown area and the product of an extensive co-creation process involving monthly public consultations and workshops with various focus groups.

The exterior of the library appears as four rectangular shapes placed on top of one another and horizontally twisted to relate to the two diagonal directions that are dominant in the otherwise orthogonal grid of the city.

“Halifax is a city whose maritime heritage calls for attention when designing a new public building. Therefore, the historical axis between the Halifax Citadel and the Halifax Harbour, crossing right through the library site, is reflected in the orientation of the fifth floor of the building containing the Halifax Living Room hereby providing not only a unique view but also an understanding of the city’s historical heritage,” explains Founding Partner Morten Schmidt of schmidt hammer lassen architects.

The interior of the library reflects the diversity of the exterior with stairs and bridges in the atrium connecting the five storeys. The light-filled atrium gives an overview of the wide range of facilities the library offers, including a 300-seat performance space, two cafés, gaming stations, music studios, dedicated space for adult literacy classes, a First Nations reading circle, and boardrooms for local entrepreneurs. The entire second floor is dedicated to children and young adults with areas designed for each age group, ranging from toddlers to teens.

“The new Halifax Central Library is a modern, hybrid library. It combines the best of a traditional library with new and innovative programmes and facilities,” explains Partner Chris Hardie from schmidt hammer lassen architects. “By designing a library that is adaptable we embrace multiple functions to ensure that the library will meet the needs of the Halifax community into the future. People should see this building not only as a library but as a free public space in the heart of the city.”

On the topic of modern libraries, Morten Schmidt adds: “Modern libraries are one of the most important platforms for exchanging knowledge. As opposed to information found on the internet, the knowledge that arises through collaboration and exchange between people in a library is of particular significance. The new Halifax Central Library is a cultural hub, a vital centre for learning and a civic landmark for the entire community.”

Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects has an extensive track-record of designing libraries; the most renowned of these may be the extension to the Royal Library in Copenhagen, Denmark and the RIBA Award-winning University of Aberdeen New Library in Scotland. Earlier this year, the first library designed by the architectural practice in Canada was opened in Edmonton. In 2015 DOKK1, the new public library in Aarhus, Denmark, will be completed; it will be the largest of its kind in Scandinavia.





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