项目概况:
建筑设计:office of mcfarlane biggar architects + designers
地址:加拿大,麦克默里堡(Fort McMurray, AB, Canada)
主持建筑师: Steve McFarlane
项目建筑师:Rob Grant
面积:86500.0 ft2(8036.11平方米)
时间:2014
照片版权:Ema Peter

项目简介:
新建的麦克默里堡国际机场,为阿尔伯达省北部伍德布法罗区的游客和居民创造了一个目的明确、意义深远的大门。该地区以其壮观的地理环境和自然美景而出名,拥有北部针叶林、大草原和北极光景象。季节温度从冬天的零下40度到夏天的30度。

从经济方面来说,该地区主办的新兴油砂产业,已经将小社区推向了国际舞台,并且促成了前所未有的发展,到2030年,人口预计将增加一倍。从社会方面来说,该地区丰富的历史和蓬勃发展的产业孕育了居民社区内的多样化。同时,他们产生了大量的流动人口(被资源型工作吸引的暂住人口,在工作周期内时常返回家乡)。

加拿大最繁忙的机场已经见证了年均旅客流量以每年3%的速度增长。2012年和2013年,麦克默里堡国际机场增长了25%,仍然是加拿大增速最快的机场。基于这一点,以及预计的更多的增长促使麦克默里堡机场管理局(FMAA)新建一个机场,包括新的航站楼、飞机停机坪、滑行道、引道和停车区。

在这样的背景下,耗资258万美元的项目应运而生,同时寻求为发展中的社区创造一个庄严且有意义的地方。15000平方米的三层建筑包括所有典型机场航站楼的功能:办理登机手续、安检、国内外抵达处及出发区、食品/饮料和零售店,汽车租赁公司以及航空公司和机场管理局的行政办公室。

麦克默里堡位置偏远,当地劳动力的缺乏以及严苛的季节限制,早期时影响了一些基本的技术决策。这些因素结合了整体的愿望,即创立高效的绿色建筑的措施。为了缩短施工进度以及未来日常维护最小化,该建筑施工时采用非现场装配、耐用材料和简单的技术。从审美方面来说,总体目标是创造一个在景观上具有标志性且难忘的存在,并且以直率真诚的表现形式与当地的精神相融合。

(本文贡献方:archdaily,archcollege;组织:树状模式)
From the architect. The new Fort McMurray International Airport creates a relevant and meaningful portal for visitors and residents of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo in Northern Alberta. The region is characterized by its spectacular geography and natural beauty including the Boreal Forest, the Prairies and the Northern Lights. Its seasonal temperatures range from -40C in the winter to +30C during the summer. Economically, it is host to a burgeoning oil sands industry that has thrust the small community onto the global stage and contributed to unprecedented growth, with the population expected to double by 2030. Socially, the area’s rich history and thriving industry have fostered tremendous diversity within the resident community. They have also created the impetus for a large transient population—temporary residents drawn to resource-based jobs who fly back to their home communities frequently between work cycles.

While Canada’s busiest airports have seen an average annual passenger traffic growth rate of about 3 per cent a year, Fort McMurray International Airport grew 25 percent in 2012 and 2013, and continues to be Canada’s fastest growing airport. This, along with more forecasted growth, inspired the Fort McMurray Airport Authority (FMAA) to create a new green-field airport, complete with a new terminal building, aircraft apron, taxiways, approach road, and parking areas.

The $258-million project responds to the unique challenges of this context while seeking to define a dignified and meaningful place for a growing community whose identity is continually evolving. The three-storey, 15,000m2 building includes all of the typical airport terminal functions: check-in, security screening, domestic and international arrivals and departures areas, food/beverage and retail outlets, car rental agencies and administrative offices for airlines and the airport authority.

Fort McMurray’s remote location, its limited local labour force, and demanding seasonal constraints influenced several fundamental technical decisions early on in the design process. These factors were coupled with an overall desire to institute efficient green building measures. The building was constructed with significant offsite fabrication, durable materials and simple technologies in order to ensure quality and minimize both the construction schedule and future maintenance. Aesthetically, the overall goal was to create an iconic and memorable presence in the landscape and a directness and honest expression in harmony with the spirit of its locale.
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