英国伦敦皇家植物园温带植物室修复更新(Temperate House )- Donald Insall Associates

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建筑设计:Donald Insall Associates
地点:英国,伦敦(London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, United Kingdom)
项目经理:Turner + Townsend
建筑面积:5700.0 m2
照片版权:Gareth Gardner, Thomas Erskine
皇家植物园的温室(1859-1899)的设计和建造基于维多利亚时期对自然世界的痴迷。在与Donald Insall 事务所合作进行了为期五年的重大修复项目后,维多利亚式温室将于2018年5月重新开放。届时,它将继续吸引研究人员和游客。它收集了来自世界各地的一万种植物,其中包括许多稀有和濒危物种,在一个利用现代化技术来调节环境的建筑中,它们将会得到更好的保护。
由 Decimus Burton (1800- 1881)设计的温室是一系列五级一级的亭子,矗立在凸起的土丘上,与丘塔成轴线。这是 Decimus Burton 在英国皇家植物园的众多项目之一,其他项目包括维多利亚门和宏伟的棕榈屋。这间温室占地4880平方米,高度19米,是那座巨型棕榈屋的两倍大。事实上,它是世界上最大的维多利亚式温室,经常被描述为“建筑奇迹”。
Donald Insall 事务所于2012年被任命为这座温和住宅的保护建筑师,作为一个多学科团队的一部分,该团队的职责是修复、保育,让这座建筑重新为公众所接受。重要的是,团队的目标是创造一个为温带室内植物提供最好的条件环境。例如,改善air-ow的标准,以及植物生命的最佳光照水平是团队的首要任务。
这种“植物设计”的概念是 Donald Insall 事务所早已熟悉的,他之前已经完成了温带住宅的保护管理计划。该计划在修复工程的技术和视觉方法上都很有帮助。它还揭示了在设计温带风格的房子时,他比同时代的 Decimus Burton 超前了不少。
例如,他是英国最早采用水泥渲染的建筑师之一,这大大加快了 邱园(Kew) 的建筑进程。如今,通过Donald Insall 事务所的研究, Burton 华丽而独特的装饰建筑服务现在也得到了更好的理解。作为建筑历史的一部分,其他原有的建筑服务功能尽管不再使用,也得到了恢复和保留,包括埋入式的加热管和制动器。

Design Team Details:Simon Henley, Gavin Hale-Brown, Craig Linnell, Ami Skimming, Tom Roberts, Andrew Macintosh, Francesca Bailey
Cost Manager:Turner + Townsend
Structural Engineer:Ramboll
M&E Engineer:Hoare Lea
Landscape:Land Use Consultants
Archaeology:Compass Archaeology
Sculpture Restoration:Taylor Pearce

Text description provided by the architects. The design and construction of the Temperate House (1859-1899) at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew was predicated on a Victorian obsession with the observation and study of the natural world. On reopening in May 2018 after a major five year restoration programme with Donald Insall Associates as the conservation architects, the Victorian glasshouse will continue to fascinate researchers and visitors alike. Its collection of 10 000 plants from around the world, including many rare and threatened species, will also be better cared for in a building where the environment can be ne-tuned using modern technology.
Designed by Decimus Burton (1800- 1881), the Temperate House is a series of five Grade I Listed pavilions standing prominently on a raised earth mound, aligned on an axis with the Kew Pagoda. It is one of a number of other Decimus Burton projects at Kew that include the Victoria Gate and the majestic Palm House. Covering a floor area of 4,880 square metres and extending to 19 metres in height, the Temperate House is twice the size of the monumental Palm House. It is, in fact, the world’s largest Victorian glasshouse and is often described as an “architectural wonder”.
Donald Insall Associates were appointed in 2012 as conservation architects to the Temperate House as part of a multi- disciplinary team whose role has been to repair, restore and bring the building back to life for the general public. Importantly, the team’s brief was focused on creating an environment offering the best possible conditions for plants within the Temperate House. Improving standards of air- ow, for example, along with optimum lighting levels for plant life was foremost in the team’s mind.
This notion of “designing for plants” was something Donald Insall Associates was already familiar with at Kew having previously completed a Conservation Management Plan for the Temperate House. The plan has been instrumental in both the technical and visual approach to the restoration works. It also revealed how far ahead of his time Decimus Burton was when designing the Temperate House.
He was, for example, one the first architects in England to adopt the use of cement render which significantly sped up the building process at Kew. Burton’s ornate and distinctive ways of disguising building services are also now better understood through research conducted by Donald Insall Associates. To celebrate such revelations, the architects have repaired the ornate cornucopia urns that acted as chimney flues for the building’s now redundant boilers. Other original building services features have also been restored and retained as part of the building’s history. These include the entombed heating pipes and actuators, although neither of these is any longer in use.

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